Where: Kazakhstan (45.0° N, 79.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° N, 78.8° E)
• coordinate estimated from map
When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)
• Middle Villafranchian, Late Pliocene, MN17. Reversed polarity, assigned to the lower part of the Matuyama Chron.
•'Kopaly is a multilayered palaeontological locality with a very complicated geological structure affected by tectonism. The Ilian suite of siltstones and with conglomerates and beds of marls is distinguished in the lower part of this section.'
Environment/lithology: conglomeratic siltstone and marl
Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils
Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan] more details
Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis
PaleoDB collection 34442: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.09.2003
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)