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Kopaly Lower Level (Pliocene of Kazakhstan)

Where: Kazakhstan (45.0° N, 79.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° N, 78.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Middle Villafranchian, Late Pliocene, MN17. Reversed polarity, assigned to the lower part of the Matuyama Chron.

•'Kopaly is a multilayered palaeontological locality with a very complicated geological structure affected by tectonism. The Ilian suite of siltstones and with conglomerates and beds of marls is distinguished in the lower part of this section.'

Environment/lithology: conglomeratic siltstone and marl

• 'Kopaly is a multilayered palaeontological locality with a very complicated geological structure affected by tectonism.
• 'The Ilian suite of siltstones and with conglomerates and beds of marls is distinguished in the lower part of this section.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan] more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34442: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)