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Valea Graunceanului, Tetoiu 1 lower faunal horizon (Pliocene of Romania)

Also known as Valea Tetoi, Graunceanu

Where: Romania (44.8° N, 23.9° E: paleocoordinates 44.9° N, 23.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, just before the Olduvai event (based on palaeomagnetism). Faunal comparison indicates that the Lower Faunal Horizon (Tetoiu 1) correlates with the upper part of the Khaprov faunal complex, upper MN17 (St Vallier Zone), probably equivalent to the Tiglian warm stage. It is suggested that Valea Graunceanului correlates with zone 5C of the Tiglian, and is a warmer pahse than that represnted by La Pietris.

• Site is approximately 88m below the top of the section, at the base of a silty sand, about 1.5m thick.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrinesilty, sandy

• The lower faunal horizon is in an approximately 20m thick bed consisting 'predominantly of silty sands and sand, levels with gravels and larger pebbles were also observed. These beds are rich in faunal remains.' 'The beds have an average dip of 1 to 2 degrees SE.'
• silty sand

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: A. Bolomey. 1965. Die fauna zweier villafrankischer Fundstellen in Rumaenien. Berichte der geologischen Gesellschaft der DDR, Berlin 10(1):77-88 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan] more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39846: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 09.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)