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Family Spheniscidae Bonaparte 1831 (penguin)

Reptilia - Sphenisciformes

PaleoDB taxon number: 39710

Invalid subtaxa: Apterodytes ictus Ameghino 1901 [nomen dubium] (no. 105855), Delphinornis gracilis Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 92195), Ichthyopteryx Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 105875), Ichthyopteryx gracilis Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 105879), Ichtyopteryx Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 105873), Ichtyopteryx gracilis Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 105877), Neculus Ameghino 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 53346), Orthopteryx Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 106293), Orthopteryx gigas Wiman 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 106294), Palaeoapterodytes Ameghino 1905 [nomen dubium] (no. 53347), Palaeoapterodytes ictus Ameghino 1901 [nomen dubium] (no. 53343)

Parent taxon: Sphenisciformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

Sister taxa: Anthropornis, Aprosdokitos, Archaeospheniscus, Delphinornis, Duntroonornis, Icadyptes, Inkayacu, Kaiika, Kairuku, Korora, Kumimanu, Kupoupou, Marambiornis, Mesetaornis, Muriwaimanu, Pachydyptes, Palaeospheniscinae, Paraptenodytinae, Perudyptes, Platydyptes, Sequiwaimanu, Tonniornis, Waimanu, Wimanornis

Subtaxa: Anthropodyptes, Anthropornithinae, Aptenodytes, Arthrodytes, Crossvallia, Dege, Eudyptes, Eudyptula, Inguza, Madrynornis, Marplesornis, Megadyptes, Nucleornis, Palaeeudyptes, Palaeeudyptinae, Paraptenodytes, Pseudaptenodytes, Pygoscelis, Spheniscinae, Spheniscus, Tereingaornis

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore