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Emydops arctatus Owen 1876 (dicynodont)

Osteichthyes - Therapsida

PaleoDB taxon number: 197858

Alternative combination: Kistecephalus arctatus

Synonyms: Dicynodon ictinops Broom 1921 (no. 198437), Emydops brachyops Broom 1905 (no. 202536), Emydops longus Broom 1921 (no. 200132), Emydops minimus Broom 1935 (no. 200879), Emydops minor Broom 1912 (no. 56854), Emydops parvus Broom 1921 (no. 198434), Emydopsis longus Broom 1921 (no. 198760), Emydopsis minimus Broom 1935 (no. 200878), Opisthoctenodon brachyops Broom 1905 (no. 202111), Pristerodon brachyops Broom 1905 (no. 202113)

Full reference: R. Owen. 1876. Descriptive and Illustrated catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia of South Africa in the Collection of the British Museum of Natural History.

Belongs to Emydops according to J. Fröbisch and R. R. Reisz 2011

Sister taxa: Dicynodon megalorhinus, Diictodon pseudojouberti, Emydops haughtoni, Emydops oweni, Emydops platyceps

Type specimens:

  • Emydops arctatus: BMNH R1690, a partial skull.
  • Dicynodon ictinops: MMK 4165, a skeleton. Its type locality is Sekretariskraal, Murraysburg (Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone), which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Emydops brachyops: SAM-PK-708, a skull.
  • Emydops longus: BMNH R. 4956-9, a skull.
  • Emydops minimus: TM 242, a skull.
  • Emydops minor: AMNH 5525, a skull. Its type locality is Kuilspoort, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.
  • Emydops parvus: BMNH R. 4960, a skull. Its type locality is Bruintjieshoogte, which is in a Wuchiapingian terrestrial horizon in South Africa.

Ecology: herbivore

Average measurements (in mm): skull 51.6 x 40.5