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†order Ptychopariida Swinnerton 1915 (trilobite)

Trilobita

PaleoDB taxon number: 20239

Parent taxon: Trilobita according to E. Landing et al. 2008

Sister taxa: Abakanopleura, Acanthocephalus, Acantholenus, Acastoidea, Acrohybus, Adelogonus, Aglagalia, Agnostida, Agraulaeva, Aguaraya, Aidarella, Alomataspis, Altajaharpes, Altiplanelaspis, Amechilus, Amginouyia, Ampellatocephalina, Anacopodia, Antagmopleura, Antatlaeva, Atratebia, Avalonia, Avascutellum, Barklyella, Bathynotellus, Bathynotidae, Beikedamaspis, Bergerolimbus, Bicornipyge, Blayacina, Bondarevites, Brevitermierella, Bridgeia, Cambrunicornia, Carmon, Catadoxides, Cermatops, Chakasskia, Chinensis, Chondroparia, Conoides, Cornovica, Corynexochida, Costonia, Crossoura, Crucicephalus, Curiaspis, Cuyanaspis, Cyclolenzellina, Dalmanites troosti, Deltacare, Edganocare, Ellipsuella, Ellsaspis, Endoaspis, Entomostracites, Entsyna, Eosaukia, Esseigania, Eulomella, Eutrilobita, Fabulaspis, Folliceps, Fritzaspis, Galahetes, Gelasene, Gentilapsis, Gigmpeltis, Gigoutella, Giordanella, Gogoella, Goycoia, Hamashania, Hapalopleuridae, Hercantyx, Hicksia, Howelluella, Ishpella, Issafenia, Issafeniella, Iveria, Iwayaspis, Jiulongshania, Jonotus, Jubileia, Judaiella, Juriietella, Kamlacus, Kanfuqingia, Kazellina, Keeleaspis, Kerbinella, Kinsabia, Knechtelia, Kolpura, Koraipsis, Kujandina, Latilorenzella, Latoucheia, Leptopilus, Levisia, Libristoma, Lichida, Liriamnica, Lomsucaspis, Lotosoides, Loxonepea, Loxopeltis, Lusampa, Mannschreckia, Mataninella, Mecophrys, Megalaspidicus, Meisterella, Meneghinella, Microdiscus, Missisquoiidae, Moretarva, Namanoiidae, Naraoiida, Nehanniaspis, Nelsonia, Neomalungia, Ninaspis, Norina, Odontopleurida, Olenellida, Opisthoparia, Ordosiidae, Orictocara, Orienturus, Orodes, Otekmaspis, Otenaspella, Ourikaia, Oxygonaspis, Paichiashania, Palaeolentus, Palmeraspis, Paraplagiura, Paraplesiograulos, Pararania, Peculicephalina, Perissopyge, Phacopida, Piliolites, Planolimbus, Poculicephalina, Polycyrtaspididae, Priceaspis, Proetida, Proparia, Pseudoacicaudus, Pseudoclelandia, Pseudocrecephalaspina, Pseudoliostracina, Pseudosalteria, Pseudotermierella, Ptyttstrigis, Pyraustocranium, Qijiangia, Redlichaspis, Redlichiida, Remopleuridacea, Resseria, Resseropsis, Rochaeva, Rowia, Sailycaspis, Sarkiidae, Schistocephalus, Sectigena, Sekwiaspis, Selenocoryphe, Serksia, Serksioides, Sibiriopeltis, Smeathenia, Sphaerocare, Spizharaspis, Stittaspis, Sunaspididae, Tadakoustia, Taidonorus, Taplimella, Tarimella, Tazemmourtia, Thymurus, Tongxingaspis, Toxotis, Trapezocephalina, Trinia, Tuyunaspis, Ullaspis, Ulrickaspis, Validaspis, Variopelta, Volonellus, Whittardolithus, Winsteria, Zigzuella

Subtaxa: Acanthometopus, Acanthopleurella, Acrocephalitidae, Acrodirotes, Agraulopsis, Aldonaiidae, Alekcinella, Amicus, Amphorella, Amquia, Amzasskiella, Anabaraspis, Anemocephalops, Anemocephalus, Angustaeva, Anopocodia, Antagmidae, Antatlasia, Anuloides, Apachia, Apomodocia, Aposolenopleura, Argunaspis, Arraphus, Asaphiscidae, Ascionepea, Asilluchus, Atopidae, Aulacodigma, Avonina, Badainjaranaspis, Baikonuraspis, Batchatiella, Bathyocos, Bemaspis, Beothuckia, Berkutaspis, Biavertia, Bicella, Bifodina, Bigotina, Bigotinella, Bigotinidae, Biscoia, Blainiopsis, Bolaspidellus, Bolaspididae, Brassicicephalus, Brutaspis, Bucksella, Bulnibarbi, Bvalbardites, Cainatops, Catasolenopleura, Catillicephalidae, Cedaraspis, Cedarellus, Cedariidae, Champlainia, Chanciaopsis, Changshaniidae, Changshanocephalus, Chondrastaulina, Chosenia, Chuangiformis, Chulanolenus, Ciliocephalus, Ciliscutellum, Coenaspis, Collyrolenus, Conococheaquea, Conocoryphidae, Conokephalinidae, Corbina, Craigheadia, Crepicephalidae, Crepichilella, Crusoia, Culmenaspis, Cyclognathina, Damaiaoaspis, Dananzhuangaspis, Decus, Delleana, Deltina, Diceratocephalidae, Didwudina, Dipyrgotes, Dokimocephalidae, Dolgaia, Dunderbergella, Edithiella, Ejinaspis, Elatius, Eldoradia, Ellipsocephalidae, Ellipsocephaloididae, Ellipsostrenua, Elviniidae, Elvinoides, Elviraspis, Enammocephalus, Erdoradites, Estaingiidae, Eulomidae, Euonchonotina, Eurostina, Eurycare, Faciura, Fatocephalus, Ferralsia, Fissocephalus, Galeaspis, Gaotanaspis, Gloria, Glyptometopus, Grandioculus, Groenwallia, Habrocephalus, Hanivella, Harpidoides, Hartshillina, Hatangia, Helieranella, Henadoparia, Hidascutellum, Hindermeyeria, Holasaphus, Holocephalinidae, Hospes, Houmengia, Huaibeia, Huainania, Hupeia, Hyperoparia, Hypothetica, Idiorapha, Ignotogregatus, Iniotoma, Inoyellaspis, Interalia, Iohomia, Irinia, Irvingelloides, Isocolidae, Ityophoridae, Janxilithus, Jessievillia, Jiangjunshania, Jiangsuaspis, Jiangsucephalus, Kabukiia, Kameschkoviella, Karagandoides, Kasatchaspis, Kaufmannella, Kazelina, Kepisis, Kingstoniidae, Kirengelia, Kirkdomina, Komaspis, Kounamkites, Krolina, Kuljumbina, Lauzonella, Lecanoaspis, Lecanopleura, Leioscutellum, Leocephalus, Leptoplastus, Limpeina, Liocare, Liopelta, Liosolenopleura, Lisaniidae, Litaspis, Llanoaspididae, Lochmanaspis, Loganopeltis, Lonchocephalidae, Lorenzellidae, Luaspis, Lunacephalus, Luottuolingia, Luxella, Luyanhaoia, Lydiaspis, Macelloura, Magnacephalus, Magnomma, Malinaspis, Manchurocephalus, Maotunia, Mapaniidae, Marjumiidae, Megadunderbergia, Megalopsis, Meniscocorphye, Menocephalites, Menomoniidae, Mesetaia, Metisaspina, Metisaspis, Michaspis, Miranda, Mundocephalina, Munijia, Nambeetella, Nassovia, Natmus, Neoacrocephalites, Neoanomocerella, Neohedinaspis, Neoshirakiella, Neosolenopleurella, Neotaenicephalus, Nepeidae, Nephalicephalus, Nericia, Nericiaspis, Nilcgna, Norwoodiidae, Obrucheviaspis, Octobronteus, Olekmaspis, Olenidae, Olenina, Onchopeltis, Orlovia, Orloviella, Ottenbyaspis, Ouijjania, Palaeolenidae, Palaeolenides, Papyriaspididae, Papyriaspis, Parabathycheilus, Paracrocephalites, Paraenshia, Paraeosoptychoparia, Parairvingella, Parakingasidoides, Paralorenzella, Paramicmacca, Paranumia, Paraolenus, Parapachyaspis, Parapeishania, Paratermierella, Paratretaspis, Patronaspis, Pedinaspis, Peishania, Pelturina, Periommella, Perioura, Pesaia, Petruninaspis, Phylacteridae, Platyharpes, Plethopeltidae, Polycertaspis, Populsenella, Proasaphiscidae, Proaulacopleura, Propatokephalops, Propeltura, Protagraulos, Protohedinia, Pruvostina, Pruvostinoides, Pseudatops, Pseudoalokistocare, Pseudokadyella, Pseudolenus, Pseudomexicella, Pseudosolenopleura, Ptychopariidae, Ptychopariina, Ptychoparoides, Ptychoparopsis, Pyttstrigis, Qingshuihella, Rampartaspis, Randicephalus, Rasettaspis, Raymondinidae, Regius, Remizites, Rinconia, Sagitaspis, Sagitoides, Salankanaspis, Sangzhiscutellum, Schoriella, Schyilaspis, Seletoides, Semicyclocephalus, Shenjiawania, Shumardiidae, Shumardops, Sinocrepicephalus, Solenopleuracea, Solenopleuridae, Stella, Striticephala, Talbotinella, Taoyuania, Tatulaspis, Tengfengiidae, Termieraspis, Tholus, Torridella, Tosotychia, Triarthrella, Triarthroides, Tricrepicephalidae, Trinucleina, Tuberaspis, Tympanuella, Urbanaspis, Urjungaspis, Utiidae, Varanella, Verkholenella, Wangzishia, Whittingtonella, Wilsonarella, Wongia, Xianquianaspis, Xiushuilithus, Yabeia, Yinpanolithus, Yohoaspis, Yuehsieszella, Yunnanocephalidae

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Ecology: fast-moving low-level epifaunal carnivore