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Desmodus archaeodaptes Morgan et al. 1988 (vampire bat)

Mammalia - Phyllostomidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 270547

Holotype: UF 94526, nearly complete braincase posterior to interorbital constriction, lacking only zygomatic arches, with associated left periotic.

Collected by Lawrence H. Martin, Jr., in May 11983

Etymology: From the greek Archaios, ancient, old, and daptes, eater of blood by sucking. The name referes to the fack that this id the oldest known species of vampire bat.

Full reference: G. S. Morgan, O. J. Linares, and C. E. Ray. 1988. New species of fossil vampire bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Desmodontidae) from Florida and Venezuela. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101(4):912-928

Belongs to Desmodus according to G. S. Morgan et al. 1988

Sister taxa: Desmodus draculae, Desmodus rotundus, Desmodus stocki

Type specimen: UF 94526, a skull (nearly complete braincase posterior to interorbital constriction, lacking only zygomatic arches, with associated left periotic.). Its type locality is Haile 21A Desmodus, which is in an Irvingtonian terrestrial horizon in Florida.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): Braincase 17.2 x 12.3, Distal Humerus width 5.90, Humerus shaft width 2.10, Interorbital constriction length 5.80, Mastoid breadth width 12.4, Proximal Humerus width 5.20, Zygomatic breadth width 12.4