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Desmodus draculae Morgan et al. 1988 (vampire bat)

Mammalia - Phyllostomidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 270550

Holotype: MUSB 152-85 PB, Skull, mandible, skelletal parts.

Collected by Omar J. Linares, 10-18 April 1965

Etymology: The species epithet of this largest known chiropteran vampire comemorates Count Dracula, the greatest human vampire of folklore.

Full reference: G. S. Morgan, O. J. Linares, and C. E. Ray. 1988. New species of fossil vampire bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Desmodontidae) from Florida and Venezuela. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101(4):912-928

Belongs to Desmodus according to G. S. Morgan et al. 1988

Sister taxa: Desmodus archaeodaptes, Desmodus rotundus, Desmodus stocki

Type specimen: MUSB 152-85 PB, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Cueva del Guácharo, Caripe, which is in a Pleistocene terrestrial horizon in Venezuela.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): Braincase 21.1 x 14.8, Condylobasal length 29.7, Mandible length 21.9, Mandibular tooth row length 8.50, Matoid breadth width 15.2, Rostrum width 9.20, Skull length 31.2