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Phoca vitulina Linnaeus 1758 (harbor seal)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Phocidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 72268

Alternative combinations: Callocephalus vitulina, Callocephalus vitulinus, Phoca (Phoca) vitulina

Synonyms: Halichoerus antarcticus Peale 1848 (no. 103858), Halicyon pealei Gray 1871 (no. 103857)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Phoca according to T. A. Deméré et al. 2003

Sister taxa: Phoca (Phoca), Phoca caspica, Phoca hispida, Phoca largha

Subtaxa: Phoca vitulina concolor, Phoca vitulina richardii, Phoca vitulina stejnegeri

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Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): femur length 93.0, humerus length 115.0, radius length 103.0, scapula 131.9 x 110.0, tibia length 200.0

Estimated body mass: 8.53 kg based on femur length, humerus length, and tibia length