Gateway to the Paleobiology Database
El Breal de Orocual (Pleistocene to of Venezuela)

Where: Monagas, Venezuela (9.8° N, 63.3° W: paleocoordinates 9.8° N, 63.1° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Mesa Formation, Early/Lower Pleistocene to Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.1 Ma)

• The Mesa Formation is early to middle Pleistocene age, based on thermoluminescence dates of 0.5 to 1.0 Ma (Carbón et al., 1992).

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported and tar

• The faunal assemblage suggests that the El Breal de Orocual paleoenvironment was similar to that of the Venezuelan llanos today: an extensive savanna with rivers and patches of gallery forest (Rincón,et al., 2007, 2009).
• This deposit has been interpreted as a tar seep deposit lying in the Mesa Formation (Hackley et al., 2006), a unit that consists of fluvio-deltaic strata.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Museum repositories: OR (El Breal de Orocual collection, hosted in Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cient ́ıficas, Caracas, Venezuela)

Primary reference: A. D. Rincón, F. J. Prevosti, and G. E. Parra. 2011. New saber-toothed cat records (Felidae: Machairodontinae) for the Pleistocene of Venezuela, and the Great American Biotic Interchange. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(2):468-478 [C. Jaramillo/C. Suarez-Gomez] more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 144977: authorized by Carlos Jaramillo, entered by Catalina Suarez-Gomez on 24.05.2013, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)