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Cerro La Cruz, Castillo Formation, Unit C (Miocene of Venezuela)

Where: Lara, Venezuela (10.4° N, 70.1° W: paleocoordinates 9.5° N, 66.4° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Castillo Formation, Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• Unit C (Rincon et al. 2014)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; lithology not reported

• Earlier fossil discoveries from Cerro La Cruz indicated a near-shore marine environment; the latest discoveries indicate in addition fluvial and terrestrial (perhaps coastal) deposits. Elements of the fauna are consistent with the hypothesis that a tributary and/or delta of the Orinoco existed in this area of north-weastern Venezuela during early Miocene times.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Specimens deposited in the Paleontology Section of the Museo de Biología de la Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo (MBLUZ-P)

Primary reference: M. R. Sánchez-Villagra, R. J. Asher, A. D. Rincón, A. A. Carlini, P. Meylan and R. W. Purdy. 2004. New faunal reports for the Cerro La Cruz locality (lower Miocene), north-western Venezuela. Special Papers in Palaeontology 71:105-112 [C. Jaramillo/C. Suarez-Gomez] more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 145379: authorized by Carlos Jaramillo, entered by Catalina Suarez-Gomez on 02.06.2013, edited by Juan Carrillo

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)