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Gateway to the Paleobiology Database

Southland epoch

General information
Lower boundary: equal to 15.9 Ma (see scale)
Upper boundary: equal to 10.92 Ma (see scale)
Continent: New Zealand
See collections within this interval
See map of collections within this interval
Key correlations
Period: Neogene
Epoch: Miocene
Previous intervals
Next interval
Shares base with
Overlaps with
  • Baodean (11.1 to 4.9 Ma)
  • MN 9 (11.1 to 9.7 Ma)
  • Late/Upper Miocene (11.608 to 5.332 Ma)
  • Tongaporutuan (11.608 to 6.5 Ma)
  • Tortonian (11.608 to 7.246 Ma)
  • Pannonian (11.608 to 7.246 Ma)
  • Vallesian (11.608 to 8.7 Ma)
  • Mayoan (11.8 to 10.0 Ma)
  • Clarendonian (13.6 to 10.3 Ma)
  • Late/Upper Clarendonian (13.6 to 10.3 Ma)
  • Early/Lower Clarendonian (13.6 to 10.3 Ma)
  • Middle Miocene (15.97 to 11.608 Ma)
  • Astaracian (15.97 to 11.608 Ma)
  • Barstovian (15.97 to 13.6 Ma)
  • late Late Barstovian (15.97 to 13.6 Ma)
  • early Late Barstovian (15.97 to 13.6 Ma)
  • Early/Lower Barstovian (15.97 to 13.6 Ma)
  • Langhian (15.97 to 13.65 Ma)
  • MN 5 (15.97 to 13.65 Ma)
  • Friasian (16.3 to 15.5 Ma)
  • Shanwangian (16.9 to 13.65 Ma)
  • Appears in scale

    Interval name: