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Tursiops truncatus Gray 1866 (common bottlenose dolphin)

Osteichthyes - Artiodactyla - Delphinidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 64472

Alternative combinations: Delphinus truncatus, Tursio truncatus

Synonyms: Clymenia gudamu Owen 1866 (no. 102827), Delphinus (Steno) gadamu Owen 1866 (no. 102820), Delphinus catalania Gray 1844 (no. 102673), Delphinus compressicauda Lesson 1828 (no. 93930), Delphinus cymodoce Gray 1846 (no. 93934), Delphinus eurynome Gray 1846 (no. 93932), Delphinus nesarnack Lacépède 1804 (no. 91918), Phocoena compressicauda Lesson 1828 (no. 69761), Steno gadamu Owen 1866 (no. 102821), Tursio catalania Gray 1844 (no. 102674), Tursio compressicauda Lesson 1828 (no. 102677), Tursio cymodoce Gray 1846 (no. 102655), Tursio eurynome Gray 1846 (no. 102671), Tursiops coerulescens Giglioli 1889 (no. 69765), Tursiops communis Fitzing 1846 (no. 69757), Tursiops compressicauda Lesson 1828 (no. 69760), Tursiops eurynome Gray 1846 (no. 69759), Tursiops gephyreus Lahille 1908 (no. 129510), Tursiops maugeanus Iredale and Troughton 1934 (no. 288410), Tursiops parvimanus Van Beneden 1886 (no. 68702), Tursiops ponticus Barabash-Nikiforov 1940 (no. 129509), Tursiops tursio Bonnaterre 1789 (no. 69756)

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1866. Notes on the skulls of dolphins, or bottlnose whales, in the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866:211-216

Belongs to Tursiops according to A. E. Moura et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Tursiops aduncus, Tursiops astensis, Tursiops australis, Tursiops brochii, Tursiops erebennus, Tursiops osennae, Tursiops subridens

Subtaxa: Tursiops truncatus gillii, Tursiops truncatus truncatus, Tursiops tursio cymodoce, Tursiops tursio metis

View classification

Type specimens:

  • Tursiops truncatus: BMNH 353 h-62.7.18.15, a skull. Its type locality is Duncannon Pool, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Clymenia gudamu:
  • Delphinus compressicauda:
  • Delphinus cymodoce:
  • Delphinus eurynome:
  • Delphinus nesarnack: Its type locality is Duncannon Pool, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Tursio catalania:
  • Tursiops coerulescens:
  • Tursiops communis:
  • Tursiops eurynome:
  • Tursiops gephyreus:
  • Tursiops maugeanus: QVMAG 1360.
  • Tursiops parvimanus:
  • Tursiops ponticus:
  • Tursiops tursio:

Ecology: ground dwelling piscivore-carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): humerus length 86.0, scapula length 174.0, skull 499.1 x 254.5

Estimated body mass: 198.8 kg based on humerus length