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Metaxytherium crataegense Simpson 1932 (dugong)

Osteichthyes - Sirenia - Dugongidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 65001

Alternative combinations: Hesperosiren crataegense, Hesperosiren crataegensis

Synonym: Metaxytherium calvertense Kellogg 1966 (taxon 53158)

Full reference: G. G. Simpson. 1932. Fossil Sirenia of Florida and the evolution of the Sirenia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 59(8):419-503

Belongs to Metaxytherium according to D. P. Domning 2008

Sister taxa: Felsinotherium gunteri, Metaxytherium albifontanum, Metaxytherium aquitaniae, Metaxytherium arctodites, Metaxytherium beaumontii, Metaxytherium floridanum, Metaxytherium krahuletzi, Metaxytherium lovisati, Metaxytherium medium, Metaxytherium meyeri, Metaxytherium riveroi, Metaxytherium serresii, Metaxytherium subapenninum

Type specimens:

  • Metaxytherium crataegense: AMNH 26838, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Florindin Company Mine, which is in a Hemingfordian/Barstovian marine horizon in the Torreya Formation of Florida.
  • Metaxytherium calvertense: USNM 16757, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Plum Point, south, Zone 10, which is in a Burdigalian estuary/bay sandstone in the Calvert Formation of Maryland.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore