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Balaenoptera musculus Linnaeus 1758 (blue whale)

Osteichthyes - Balaenopteroidea - Balaenopteridae

PaleoDB taxon number: 70697

Alternative combinations: Balaena musculus, Rorqualus musculus

Synonyms: Balaenoptera australis Gray 1846 (no. 70695), Balaenoptera indica Blyth 1842 (no. 102352), Balaenoptera intermedia Burmeister 1871 (no. 129214), Balaenoptera jubartes Lacepede and Lacepede 1804 (no. 91898), Balaenoptera sibbaldi Gray 1847 (no. 134375), Balaenoptera sulfurea Cope 1869 (no. 146674), Balaenoptera sulfureus Cope 1869 (no. 129218), Cuvierius latirostris Flower 1864 (no. 102358), Cuvierius sibbaldii Gray 1847 (no. 102657), Physalus australis Gray 1846 (no. 102345), Physalus indicus Blyth 1842 (no. 102353), Physalus latirostris Flower 1864 (no. 102357), Physalus sibbaldii Gray 1847 (no. 102343), Sibbaldius antarcticus Burmeister 1865 (no. 102658), Sibbaldius borealis Gray 1864 (no. 102361), Sibbaldius sulfureus Scammon and Cope 1869 (no. 131377), Sibbaldus borealis Gray 1864 (no. 102360), Stenobalaena xanthogaster Gray 1874 (no. 200355)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Balaenoptera according to P. Goldin and M. E. Steeman 2015

Sister taxa: Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Balaenoptera andrejewi, Balaenoptera bertae, Balaenoptera bonaerensis, Balaenoptera borealis, Balaenoptera brevicauda, Balaenoptera brydei, Balaenoptera cephalus, Balaenoptera davidsonii, Balaenoptera edeni, Balaenoptera fasciata, Balaenoptera grimmi, Balaenoptera omurai, Balaenoptera physalus, Balaenoptera ryani, Balaenoptera siberi, Balaenoptera sursiplana, Balaenoptera taiwanica

Type specimens:

  • Balaenoptera musculus: 1. Its type locality is Firth of Forth, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Balaenoptera australis:
  • Balaenoptera indica:
  • Balaenoptera intermedia:
  • Balaenoptera jubartes:
  • Balaenoptera sulfureus:
  • Cuvierius latirostris:
  • Physalus sibbaldii:
  • Sibbaldius antarcticus:
  • Sibbaldius sulfureus:
  • Sibbaldus borealis:
  • Stenobalaena xanthogaster:

Ecology: aquatic suspension feeder

Average measurements (in mm): humerus length 484.2, radius length 792.5, skull 4368.7 x 1683.0, ulna length 750.3

Estimated body mass: 90.0 tons based on humerus length, radius length, and ulna length