Gateway to the Paleobiology Database
Warwick (Devonian of the United States)

Also known as Bellvale Sandstone, Orange County

Where: Orange County County, New York (41.3° N, 74.3° W: paleocoordinates 38.8° S, 22.6° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Bellvale Sandstone Formation (Hamilton Group), Givetian (388.1 - 383.7 Ma)

• Arnold (1941, p. 53): The strata are tilted to a nearly vertical position and consist of hard coarse sandstone and shale lenses, the latter containing the plants. Quartz veins are abundant throughout the beds."

Environment/lithology: sandstone and shale

• Arnold (1941, p. 53): "The shale is slightly metamorphosed and has developed a slaty cleavage, with the result that the plant tissue has become reduced to a very thin film of minutely checked anthracitic substance showing only a little structural detail."

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression, original carbon

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

Primary reference: C. A. Arnold. 1941. Observations on Fossil Plants from the Devonian of Eastern North America, V. Hyenia banksii, sp. Nov. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 6(3):53-57 [W. Stein/J. Kao/J. Alroy] more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 14247: authorized by Bill Stein, entered by Jenny Kao on 29.05.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)