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Wacissa River (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Jefferson County, Florida (30.4° N, 83.9° W: paleocoordinates 30.4° N, 83.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "very late Rancholabrean; two carbon dates on Bison bone are 9990 +/ 20 ybp and 11,170 +/- 130 ybp; older date is on better preserved material

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: pond; fine-grained, pebbly, shelly/skeletal sandstone

• general environment "consisted of scattered ponds which periodically collected rain and runoff water... Perhaps the Bison was killed at the water hole and butchered behind the [nearby] boulders"
• "just below the exposed surface [underwater] of a stratum of rubble composed of rocks, wood, and shells" overlying "a stratum of clean, fine quartz sand containing pebbles, cobbles, and numerous gastropod shells" plus a "Bison right femur fragment"; remaining Bison material is thought to have originally been buried in the quartz sand

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by R. Alexon, B. Mathen, R. Gingery in October, 1981; reposited in the FLMNH

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: S. D. Webb, J. T. Milanich, R. Alexon and J. S. Dunbar. 1984. A Bison antiquus kill site, Wacissa River, Jefferson County, Florida. American Antiquity 49(2):384-392 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen] more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 74361: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)