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Euceratherium collinum Furlong and Sinclair 1904 (shrub ox)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

Invalid subtaxa: Aftonius calvini Hay 1913, Euceratherium americanum Gidley 1913, Euceratherium bizzelli Stovall 1937, Euceratherium collinum morrisi Schultz and Howard 1935 [invalid subgroup], Euceratherium sinclairi Furlong 1905, Preptoceras sinclairi Furlong 1905, Preptoceras sinclairi neomexicana Schultz and Howard 1935 [invalid subgroup], Taurotragus americanus Gidley 1913

Belongs to Euceratherium according to G. G. Simpson 1963

Sister taxa: none

Type specimens:

  • Euceratherium collinum: UCMP 8751, a skull. Its type locality is Potter Creek Cave, which is in a Pleistocene cave horizon in California.
  • Aftonius calvini:
  • Euceratherium bizzelli: Univ. Oklahoma Museum of Geology and Paleontology 701, a partial skull (crown of a skull with horns). Its type locality is Hydro, which is in a Pleistocene terrestrial gravel in Oklahoma.
  • Euceratherium collinum morrisi:
  • Preptoceras sinclairi:
  • Preptoceras sinclairi neomexicana:
  • Taurotragus americanus: USNM 7622, a maxilla (upper right cheek teeth except P2/). Its type locality is Cumberland Cave, which is in an Irvingtonian cave horizon in Maryland.

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): m1 26.0 x 17.8