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Euceratherium collinum Furlong and Sinclair 1904 (shrub ox)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

Synonyms: Aftonius calvini Hay 1913, Euceratherium americanum Gidley 1913, Euceratherium bizzelli Stovall 1937, Euceratherium sinclairi Furlong 1905, Preptoceras sinclairi Furlong 1905, Taurotragus americanus Gidley 1913

Belongs to Euceratherium according to G. G. Simpson 1963

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Euceratherium collinum morrisi, Preptoceras sinclairi neomexicana

View classification

Type specimens:

  • Euceratherium collinum: UCMP 8751, a skull. Its type locality is Potter Creek Cave, which is in a Pleistocene cave horizon in California.
  • Aftonius calvini:
  • Euceratherium bizzelli: Univ. Oklahoma Museum of Geology and Paleontology 701, a partial skull (crown of a skull with horns). Its type locality is Hydro, which is in a Pleistocene terrestrial gravel in Oklahoma.
  • Preptoceras sinclairi:
  • Taurotragus americanus: USNM 7622, a maxilla (upper right cheek teeth except P2/). Its type locality is Cumberland Cave, which is in an Irvingtonian cave horizon in Maryland.

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): m1 26.0 x 17.8