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Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus 1758 (red fox)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae

Alternative combination: Canis vulpes

Synonyms: Canis vulpes montana Pearson 1835, Vulpes fulva Desmarest 1829, Vulpes palmaria Hay 1917

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm) 1-823

Belongs to Vulpes according to O. Thomas 1911

Sister taxa: Vulpes cascadensis, Vulpes chama, Vulpes kernensis, Vulpes rueppellii, Vulpes stenognathus, Vulpes velox

Subtaxa: Vulpes vulpes macroura

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Average measurements (in mm): m1 15.4 x 5.7, femur length 122.6, humerus length 117.0, radius length 113.2, scapula length 74.0, skull 140.6 x 73.8, tibia length 134.3, ulna length 129.9

Estimated body mass: 7.58 kg based on femur length, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length