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†family Palaeoniscidae Vogt 1852 (ray-finned fish)

Chordata - Vertebrata

Alternative spelling: Paleoniscidae

Synonym: Semionotus brodei Newton 1887 [nomen dubium]

Parent taxon: Palaeonisciformes according to A. B. Heckert 2004

Sister taxa: Agecephalichthys, Amblypterina, Bendenius, Birgeriidae, Boreolepidae, Borichthys, Brachypareion, Brookvalia, Browneichthys, Burbonella, Caelatichthys, Canobiidae, Caruichthys, Charleuxia, Chichia, Coccocephalichthys, Cornuboniscus, Cosmolepis, Cosmoptychius, Daedalichthys, Daqingshaniscus, Decazella, Dialipina, Dictyopyge, Dorsolepis, Drydenius, Dwykia, Eigilia, Eurynotoides, Evenkia, Fukangichthys, Gardinerichthys, Gyrolepidoides, Haplolepis, Helichthys, Huanghelepsis, Igornella, Illiniichthys, Inichthys, Kentuckia, Korutichthys, Luederia, Mimia, Moythomasia, Neuburgella, Nozamichthys, Orvikuina, Osorioichthys, Palaeothrissum, Paradrydenius, Paragonatodus, Paralogoniscus, Paramesolepis, Platysomidae, Plesiococcolepis, Protamblyptera, Psilichthys, Pteronisculus, Pygopteridae, Rhabdolepis, Sakamenichthys, Scanilepis, Severnichthys, Sinoniscus, Songanella, Stegotrachelus, Strepheoschema, Styracopterus, Sundayichthys, Tanaocrossus, Tegeolepis, Tienshaniscus, Urosthenes, Uydenia, Westollia, Whiteichthys, Willomorichthys, Zaxilepis

Subtaxa: Acrorhabdus, Apateolepis, Atherstonia, Australosomus, Canobius, Cheirolepis, Coccocephalus, Cryphiolepis, Cycloptychius, Eurylepidoides, Eurylepis, Glaucolepis, Gonatodus, Guizhouniscus, Gyrolepis, Holurus, Howqualepis, Mesopoma, Myriolepis, Nematoptychius, Oxygnathus, Palaeoniscum, Palaeoniscus, Phanerosteon, Progyrolepis, Rhadinichthys, Trachelacanthus, Turfania, Turseodus, Urolepis, Wayaobulepis

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore