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Elephas maximus Linnaeus 1758 (Asian elephant)

Osteichthyes - Theriiformes - Elephantidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 104147

Synonyms: Elephas asiaticus Blumenbach 1797 (no. 233327), Elephas gigas Perry 1811 (no. 233497)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Elephas according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

Sister taxa: Elephas (Euelephas), Elephas beyeri, Elephas chaniensis, Elephas creticus, Elephas cypriotes, Elephas falconeri, Elephas melitensis, Elephas moghrebiensis, Elephas nawataensis, Elephas priscus, Loxodonta (Palaeoloxodon) tokunagai, Palaeoloxodon recki, Palaeoloxodon antiquus, Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis, Palaeoloxodon naumanni

Subtaxa: Elephas maximus indicus, Elephas maximus maximus, Elephas maximus sumatranus

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): femur length 858.2, femur circumference 304.8, fibula length 533.4, humerus length 676.6, radius length 623.1, scapula length 633.8, tibia length 538.0, ulna length 627.2

Estimated body mass: 1.13 tons based on femur circumference, femur length, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length