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Metaxytherium subapenninum Bruno 1839 (dugong)

Osteichthyes - Sirenia - Dugongidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 65037

Alternative combinations: Cheirotherium subapenninum, Felsinotherium subapenninum, Felsinotherium subappeninum, Halitherium subapenninum, Metaxytherium subappennium

Synonyms: Cheirotherium brochii de Blainville 1844 (no. 86882), Felsinotherium foresti Capellini 1872 (no. 146893), Felsinotherium forestii Capellini 1872 (no. 86578), Felsinotherium gastaldi de Zigno 1878 (no. 86564), Felsinotherium gervaisi Capellini 1872 (no. 86887), Felsinotherium gervaisii Capellini 1872 (no. 170132), Felsinotherium subalpinum Isel 1910 (no. 86889), Halianassa brochii de Blainville 1844 (no. 86886), Halitherium brochii de Blainville 1844 (no. 86885), Halitherium forestii Capellini 1872 (no. 104056), Manatus brochii de Blainville 1844 (no. 86883), Metaxytherium brochii de Blainville 1844 (no. 86884), Metaxytherium forestii Capellini 1872 (no. 86891), Metaxytherium gastaldi de Zigno 1878 (no. 86893), Metaxytherium gervaisi Capellini 1872 (no. 86890)

Full reference: G. A. Bruno. 1839. Illustrazione di un Nuovo Cetaceo fossile. Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino Cl. Sci. Mat. ser. 2 1:143-160

Belongs to Metaxytherium according to M. Voss 2014

Sister taxa: Felsinotherium gunteri, Metaxytherium albifontanum, Metaxytherium aquitaniae, Metaxytherium arctodites, Metaxytherium beaumontii, Metaxytherium crataegense, Metaxytherium floridanum, Metaxytherium krahuletzi, Metaxytherium lovisati, Metaxytherium medium, Metaxytherium meyeri, Metaxytherium riveroi, Metaxytherium serresii

Type specimens:

  • Metaxytherium subapenninum: PU 1388913890, a skull (skull & partial skeleton)
  • Cheirotherium brochii:
  • Felsinotherium forestii: Its type locality is San Lorenzo in Collina, which is in a Zanclean/Piacenzian marine claystone in Italy.
  • Felsinotherium gastaldi: Its type locality is Bra, which is in a Piacenzian coastal horizon in Italy.
  • Felsinotherium gervaisi: Its type locality is Monte Pugna, Val di Pugna, near Siena, Tuscany, which is in the Ruscinian of horizon Italy.
  • Felsinotherium subalpinum:

Ecology: scansorial insectivore