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Xenorhinotherium bahiense Cartelle and Lessa 1988 (eutherian)

Osteichthyes - Litopterna - Macraucheniidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 251738

Full reference: C. Cartelle and G. Lessa. 1988. Descriçao de um novo genero e especie de Macraucheniidae (Mammalia, Litopterna) do Pleistoceno do Brasil. Paula-Coutiana 3:3-26

Belongs to Xenorhinotherium according to C. Cartelle and G. Lessa 1988

Sister taxa: none

Type specimen: MCL-2644, a skeleton. Its type locality is Toca dos Ossos, which is in a Pleistocene/Holocene terrestrial horizon in Brazil.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): Articulated cervical vertebrae length 102.0, Cranium, Total length length 551.0, Cranium, basioccipital width at level of condiloid foramina width 42.0, Cranium, basisphenoid width at level of carotid foramina width 47.0, Cranium, choanal width at level of distal facet of M3 width 56.0, Cranium, distance from infraorbital foramen to alveolar margin of M3 length 26.0, Cranium, distance from infraorbital foramen to rostral margin length 270.2, Cranium, distance from infraorbital foramen to rostral margin of orbit length 62.0, Cranium, intercondylar maximum width width 90.0, Cranium, length form caudal margin of palatine to rostral margin of cranium length 282.0, Cranium, length from caudal palatine margin to caudal margin of occipital condyl length 270.0, Cranium, length from rostral facet of paraoccipital process to median border of length 56.0, Cranium, lower canine 12.4 x 26.5, Cranium, lower incisor 2 9.00 x 16.00, Cranium, lower incisor 3 12.0 x 25.0, Cranium, lower molar 1 18.5 x 36.0, Cranium, lower molar 2 19.1 x 44.5, Cranium, lower molar 3 18.7 x 44.5, Cranium, lower premolar 1 13.5 x 28.0, Cranium, lower premolar 2 13.9 x 29.0, Cranium, lower premolar 3 14.0 x 31.5, Cranium, lower premolar 4 17.5 x 37.4, Cranium, maximum distance between lateral facets of paraoccipital processes width 50.0, Cranium, maximum ventral width of foramen magnum width 26.0, Cranium, minimum distance between parietal cristae width 56.0, Cranium, orbital longitudinal diameter length 64.0, Cranium, palatal width between canines width 54.0, Cranium, palatal width between upper M1 width 57.0, Cranium, palatal width between upper M3 width 80.0, Cranium, palatal width between upper PM1 width 57.0, Cranium, upper canine 14.5 x 27.7, Cranium, upper incisor 1 11.0 x 19.0, Cranium, upper incisor 2 12.6 x 21.0, Cranium, upper incisor 3 12.8 x 24.5, Cranium, upper molar 1 27.4 x 41.0, Cranium, upper molar 2 28.5 x 46.3, Cranium, upper molar 3 25.5 x 38.0, Cranium, upper premolar 1 16.9 x 28.3, Cranium, upper premolar 2 19.0 x 20.0, Cranium, upper premolar 3 20.0 x 28.2, Cranium, upper premolar 4 25.5 x 34.5, Cranium, width between lateral margins of postglenoid processes width 141.0, Distance among external nares width 40.0, Distance between crista scapularis and glenoid cavity length 40.0, Radio-ulnar olecranon length 50.0, Radio-ulnar transverse length length 116.0