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Bison bison Linnaeus 1758 (American bison)

Osteichthyes - Artiodactyla - Bovidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 44511

Alternative combination: Bos bison

Synonyms: Bison americanus Gmelin 1788 (no. 44506), Bos americanus Gmelin 1788 (no. 44605)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Bison according to A. Hassanin and E. J. P. Douzery 1999

Sister taxa: Bison alaskensis, Bison antiquus, Bison bonasus, Bison francisi, Bison latifrons, Bison priscus, Bison sylvestris

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer

Average measurements (in mm): femur length 403.6, humerus length 346.2, radius length 310.6, scapula 469.4 x 259.2, skull 509.3 x 294.4, tibia length 382.9, ulna length 413.2

Estimated body mass: 178.3 kg based on femur length, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length