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Borophagus littoralis VanderHoof 1931 (bone-crushing dog)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 44597

Alternative combinations: Epicyon littoralis, Osteoborus littoralis

Synonyms: Epicyon diabloensis Richey 1938 (no. 46205), Osteoborus diabloensis Richey 1938 (no. 49471)

Full reference: V. L. VanderHoof. 1931. Borophagus littoralis From the Marine Tertiary of California. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences 21(2):15-24

Belongs to Borophagus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

Sister taxa: Borophagus diversidens, Borophagus dudleyi, Borophagus hilli, Borophagus orc, Borophagus parvus, Borophagus pugnator, Borophagus secundus, Dinocyon (Borophagus) meandrinus, Osteoborus crassipinaetus, Porthocyon matthewi

Type specimens:

  • Borophagus littoralis: Its type locality is Crocker Springs, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in California
  • Osteoborus diabloensis: UCMP 33476, a mandible. Its type locality is UCMP V-3310, Black Hawk Ranch, which is in a Clarendonian terrestrial siliciclastic in the Green Valley Formation of California.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): P4 24.3 x 10.6, M1 16.6 x 19.3, M2 9.68 x 12.43, p4 16.1 x 9.5, m1 26.5 x 10.8, m2 12.9 x 8.8