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Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 (gray wolf)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonyms: Aenocyon milleri Merriam 1912, Canis furlongi Hay 1927, Canis lycaon Schreber 1775, Canis milleri Merriam 1912, Canis nubilus Say 1823, Canis occidentalis Merriam 1912, Canis pambasileus Elliot 1905, Canis petrolei Stock 1938, Canis tundrarum Miller 1912, Canis variabilis Wied-Neuwied 1841, Lupus gigas Townsend 1850

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm) 1-823

Belongs to Canis according to R. H. Tedford et al. 2009

Sister taxa: Canis (Pseudalopex), Canis adustus, Canis antarcticus, Canis anthus, Canis apolloniensis, Canis armbrusteri, Canis aureus, Canis cedazoensis, Canis dingo, Canis dirus, Canis edwardii, Canis familiaris, Canis feneus, Canis ferox, Canis latrans, Canis lepophagus, Canis mesomelas, Canis morenis, Canis niger, Canis palaeoplatensis, Canis primigenius, Canis proplatensis, Canis rufus, Canis thooides

Subtaxa: Canis occidentalis furlongi

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): P3 13.8 x 8.3, P4 22.8 x 14.1, M1 16.7 x 20.3, p3 13.8 x 6.3, p4 14.6 x 7.3, m1 27.9 x 11.4, femur length 234.0, humerus length 212.3, radius length 214.1, scapula 160.1 x 106.2, skull 240.9 x 134.9, tibia length 232.5, ulna length 221.3

Estimated body mass: 39.0 kg based on femur length, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length