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Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 (North American porcupine)

Osteichthyes - Rodentia - Erethizontidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 46320

Alternative combination: Hystrix dorsata

Synonyms: Coendou cumberlandicus White 1970 (no. 45183), Erethizon cloacinum Cope 1871 (no. 46319), Erethizon epixanthum Brandt 1835 (no. 161400), Erethizon epixanthus Brandt 1835 (no. 161241), Erethizon godfreyi Allen 1904 (no. 46321)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Erethizon according to R. C. Hulbert 1997

Sister taxa: Erethizon bathygnathum, Erethizon cascoensis, Erethizon kleini, Erethizon poyeri

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): P4 7.60 x 8.20, M1 6.00 x 7.00, M2 5.80 x 7.30, p4 7.90 x 7.10, m1 6.46 x 6.39, m2 6.30 x 6.80, femur length 116.6, humerus length 103.7, radius length 106.9, tibia length 114.3, ulna length 131.0

Estimated body mass: 10.2 kg based on femur length, humerus length, m1 length, m1 width, tibia length, and ulna length