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Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 (American mastodon)

Osteichthyes - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 47865

Alternative combinations: Elephas americanus, Mammut americanus, Mastodon americanus

Synonyms: Elephas americanus De Kay 1842 (no. 233961), Mammut adamsi Hibbard 1944 (no. 47864), Mammut ohioticum Blumenbach 1797 (no. 108489), Mammut progenium Hay 1914 (no. 47871), Mastodon giganteum Cuvier 1817 (no. 233960), Mastodon giganteus Cuvier 1817 (no. 47935), Mastodon ohioticum Blumenbach 1797 (no. 308008), Mastodon ohioticus Blumenbach 1797 (no. 108493), Mastodon progenius Hay 1914 (no. 47944), Pliomastodon adamsi Hibbard 1944 (no. 50574), Tapirus mastodontoides Harlan 1825 (no. 52065), Tetracaulodon mastodontoideum Godman 1830 (no. 174108), Trilophodon ohioticus Blumenbach 1797 (no. 112866)

Belongs to Mammut according to J. Shoshani and P. Tassy 1996

Sister taxa: Mammut borsoni, Mammut cosoensis, Mammut furlongi, Mammut matthewi, Mammut raki, Mastodon rectus, Mastodon spenceri, Mastodon (Tetralophodon), Mastodon bumiajuensis, Mastodon proavus

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): M1 82.3 x 67.9, M2 106.0 x 82.6, M3 153.2 x 85.0, m1 107.9 x 81.4, m2 102.2 x 81.2, m3 156.0 x 84.7, femur length 899.7, femur circumference 390.0, fibula 595.6 x 72.0, fibula circumference 234.0, humerus length 856.1, humerus circumference 455.6, radius length 658.8, tibia 646.5 x 127.0, tibia circumference 352.3, ulna length 678.9, ulna circumference 331.1

Estimated body mass: 2.28 tons based on femur circumference, femur length, humerus circumference, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length