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Paracynarctus kelloggi Merriam 1911 (bone-crushing dog)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 49802

Alternative combinations: Cynarctus kelloggi, Cynodesmus kelloggi, Tephrocyon kelloggi, Tomarctus kelloggi

Synonyms: Cynodesmus casei Wilson 1939 (no. 45455), Tomarctus casei Wilson 1939 (no. 52376)

Full reference: J. C. Merriam. 1911. Tertiary Mammal Beds Of Virgin Valley and Thousand Creek In Northwestern Nevada. Part II.-Vertebrate Faunas. University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology 6(11):199-304

Belongs to Paracynarctus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

Sister taxon: Paracynarctus sinclairi

Type specimens:

  • Paracynarctus kelloggi: UCMP 11562, a mandible (lower jaw with dentition). Its type locality is Virgin Valley, which is in a Barstovian terrestrial horizon in the Virgin Valley Formation of Nevada.
  • Cynodesmus casei: Its type locality is Piney River, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in the North Park Formation of Colorado.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): P4 12.7 x 7.4, M1 11.3 x 13.2, M2 8.04 x 11.49, p4 9.17 x 4.83, m1 15.0 x 7.0, m2 10.3 x 6.3