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Tomarctus hippophaga Matthew and Cook 1909 (bone-crushing dog)

Osteichthyes - Carnivora - Canidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 52381

Alternative combination: Tephrocyon hippophagus

Full reference: W. D. Matthew and H. J. Cook. 1909. A Pliocene fauna from western Nebraska. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 26(27):361-414

Belongs to Tomarctus according to X. Wang et al. 1999

Sister taxon: Tomarctus brevirostris

Type specimen: AMNH 13836, a mandible. Its type locality is Trojan Quarry, which is in a Hemingfordian terrestrial horizon in the Olcott Formation of Nebraska.

Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): P4 17.2 x 8.4, M1 12.7 x 15.3, M2 7.95 x 11.93, p4 11.2 x 6.2, m1 19.8 x 8.1, m2 10.5 x 6.8