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Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus 1758 (sperm whale)

Osteichthyes - Artiodactyla - Physeteridae

PaleoDB taxon number: 68698

Alternative combination: Catodon macrocephalus

Synonyms: Catodon australis MacLeay 1851 (no. 102364), Catodon colneti Gray 1850 (no. 137338), Catodon polycyphus Quoy and Gaimard 1824 (no. 137340), Catodon svineval Lacépède 1804 (no. 91909), Catodon trumpo Lacépède 1804 (no. 91908), Meganeuron krefftii Gray 1866 (no. 102660), Megistosaurus ensiformis Godman 1827 (no. 121598), Physalus cylindricus Lacépède 1804 (no. 91911), Physeter australasianus Desmoulins 1822 (no. 129542), Physeter australis Gray 1846 (no. 129543), Physeter catodon Linnaeus 1758 (no. 64550), Physeter microps Linnaeus 1758 (no. 72271), Physeter mular Lacépède 1804 (no. 91913), Physeter orthodon Lacépède 1804 (no. 91912), Physeter polycyphus Quoy and Gaimard 1824 (no. 137339), Physeter tursio Linnaeus 1758 (no. 92030)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Physeter according to J. Velez-Juarbe et al. 2015

Sister taxa: Physeter antiquus, Physeter vetus

Type specimens:

  • Physeter macrocephalus: Its type locality is Kariston, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom
  • Catodon australis:
  • Catodon colneti:
  • Catodon polycyphus:
  • Catodon svineval:
  • Catodon trumpo:
  • Meganeuron krefftii:
  • Megistosaurus ensiformis:
  • Physalus cylindricus:
  • Physeter australasianus:
  • Physeter australis:
  • Physeter catodon: Its type locality is Kariston, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in the United Kingdom.
  • Physeter microps:
  • Physeter mular:
  • Physeter orthodon:
  • Physeter tursio:

Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): humerus length 456.0, scapula length 840.0

Estimated body mass: 43.2 tons based on humerus length