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Mesoplodon layardii Gray 1865 (strap-toothed whale)

Osteichthyes - Artiodactyla - Ziphiidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 82038

Alternative combinations: Dolichodon layardii, Mesoplodon (Dolichodon) layardi, Mesoplodon layardi, Ziphius layardii

Synonyms: Mesoplodon floris Lydekker 1887 (no. 69830), Mesoplodon floweri Lydekker 1887 (no. 69831), Mesoplodon guntheri Krefft 1871 (no. 129550), Mesoplodon longirostris Gray 1873 (no. 119927), Mesoplodon thomsoni Ogilby 1896 (no. 129551)

Belongs to Mesoplodon according to B. Ramassamy 2016

Sister taxa: Mesoplodon bidens, Mesoplodon bononiensis, Mesoplodon bowdoini, Mesoplodon carlhubbsi, Mesoplodon danconae, Mesoplodon densirostris, Mesoplodon europaeus, Mesoplodon ginkgodens, Mesoplodon grayi, Mesoplodon hectori, Mesoplodon hotaula, Mesoplodon lawleyi, Mesoplodon longirostris, Mesoplodon medilineatus, Mesoplodon meneghinii, Mesoplodon mirus, Mesoplodon perrini, Mesoplodon peruvianus, Mesoplodon posti, Mesoplodon slangkopi, Mesoplodon stejnegeri, Mesoplodon traversii, Mesoplodon tumidirostris, Ziphius gibbus, Ziphius tenuirostris, Ziphius (Dolichodon) geelongensis

Type specimens:

  • Mesoplodon layardii: BMNH 69.4.5.2, a skull. Its type locality is Cape of Good Hope, which is in a Holocene coastal horizon in South Africa.
  • Mesoplodon floweri: Its type locality is Felixstow, which is in a Gelasian foreshore horizon in the Red Crag Formation of the United Kingdom.
  • Mesoplodon guntheri:
  • Mesoplodon longirostris:
  • Mesoplodon thomsoni:

Ecology: ground dwelling piscivore-carnivore