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Polysternon provinciale Matheron 1869 (sideneck turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Bothremydidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 131476

Alternative combination: Pleurosternon provinciale

Synonym: Elochelys major Nopsca 1931 (taxon 131477)

Full reference: P. Matheron. 1869. Notice sur les reptiles fossiles des dépôts fluvio-lacustres crétacés du bassin à lignite de Fuveau [Notice on the fossil reptiles from the Cretaceous fluvio-lacustrine deposits of the lignitic Fuveau Basin]. Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, et Arts de Marseille 1868–1869:345-379

Belongs to Polysternon according to E. S. Gaffney et al. 2006

Sister taxon: Polysternon atlanticum

Type specimens:

  • Polysternon provinciale: MHNM 1982-853, a partial shell (anterior portion of carapace). Its type locality is ‘Grande Mène’ lignite seam, Fuveau, which is in a Santonian/Campanian terrestrial lignite in France.
  • Elochelys major: MHNM1982-857, a partial shell (internal cast showing the plastron with pubic and ischiac scars). Its type locality is Lignite mine of Valdonne, Fuveau, which is in a Santonian/Campanian terrestrial lignite in France.

Ecology: amphibious omnivore