Gateway to the Paleobiology Database
Basic options Included collections Included occurrences Collection fields Occurrence fields

Download request form

This form allows you to download a file with data about taxonomic occurrences, genera or species, fossil collections, or specimens. Page through the six tabs to see all the options. Key fields are in bold. You can always use the basic form instead. To compute a diversity curve, you need to check off either "period," "epoch," "Cenozoic subepoch," or "10 m.y. bin" in the "Collection fields" part of the form.

Your name (optional):
Output data format:
Output delimiter:
Taxonomic level:
Taxon or taxa to include:
Genus level or above
Taxon or taxa to exclude:
Genus level or above
If you only want lists from one time span, enter the oldest and youngest intervals (by name or by age in Ma): -
... or if you want to get counts of occurrences and genera by temporal bin, select a time scale:
If you selected a scale, you must select a field to be tallied:
If you pick "ecology," you must select ecology categories in the "Occurrence fields" section
Include late Pleistocene and undifferentiated Pleistocene collections in the late Neogene 10 m.y. bin?
Data authorizer:
Research group or project :
Use data records created :
Use data records published :

Download only the following
Lithification of primary lithology: lithified poorly lithified unlithified
unknown (siliciclastic lithology or environment) unknown (other)
Lithologies: carbonate mixed siliciclastic unknown
... or a single lithology:
Environments: carbonate siliciclastic terrestrial unknown
... and/or environmental zones: lacustrine fluvial karst other terrestrial
marginal marine reef shallow subtidal deep subtidal
offshore slope/basin unspecified marine
... or a single environment:
Continents or paleocontinents:
Europe Asia North America South America
Africa Indian Ocean Australia Oceania Antarctica
Western Laurasia
Barentsia Eastern USA Laurentia North Britain Stikinia Western Avalonia Wrangellia
Western Gondwana
Caribbean Costa Rica-Panama Precordillera South America Yucatan
Eastern Laurasia
Baltica Eastern Avalonia Japan Kazakhstania Siberia
Eastern Paleotethys
North China Shan-Thai South China
Eastern Gondwana
Africa Antarctica Arabia Australia Cimmeria India New Zealand Southern Europe
... or a country or countries:
Latitudinal range: ° to ° and ° to °
Longitudinal range: ° to ° and ° to °
Paleolatitudinal range: ° to ° and ° to °
Paleolongitudinal range: ° to ° and ° to °
Geographic scale of collections: hand sample small collection outcrop local area basin unknown
Stratigraphic scale of collections: bed group of beds member formation group unknown
Modes of preservation: cast adpression mold/impression soft parts original aragonite replaced with silica trace charcoalification coalified unknown preservation
Collection methods:
"Easily sieved" means sieved without chemical or mechanical preparation
Reason for describing collection: archaeological biostratigraphic paleoecologic taphonomic taxonomic general faunal/floral unknown
Lump collections by:
Occurrences of the same species will be lumped if the species name field is downloaded; otherwise lumping is by genus
The more boxes you check, the less will be lumped, and vice versa
reference time interval   strat unit: location:
Require collections to include a geological group
  or formation name?
yes, there must be a stratigraphic unit assignment
Exclude collections with than occurrences
Exclude collections with than
Currently doesn't work if output is collection data
Exclude collections with subset collections?

Lump occurrences of the same genus from the same collection?
Replace names with reidentifications?
Replace names with senior synonyms?
Replace genus names with subgenus names, so subgenera are treated as separate genera?
Include generically indeterminate occurrences?
Include specifically indeterminate occurrences?
Include genus names with the following qualifiers: aff. cf. ex gr. n. gen. sensu lato
? " informal everything else
Include species names with the following qualifiers: aff. cf. ex gr. n. sp. sensu lato
? " informal everything else
Include preservation categories: regular taxon form taxon ichnofossil
Include occurrences of extant or extinct taxa?
Include occurrences falling outside their age ranges in Sepkoski's Compendium?
Only include occurrences with abundance data?
... or abundances of these taxa only:
Other occurrences will still be printed, but without their abundance values
Include abundances if the collection's taxonomic list omits some genera?
Include occurrences that are classified or unclassified?
This is useful if you want to find entries that might be typos
Minimum # of specimens needed to compute mean abundance

Include plants with the following organs
Check all
unassigned leaf seed/fruit axis
plant debris marine palyn microspore megaspore
flower seed repro non-seed repro wood
sterile axis fertile axis root cuticle
multi organs

Basic fields
Check all
enterer modifier research group
reference number year published collection name collection aka
collection subset of created modified    
Geography fields
Check all
country state county tectonic plate id
latitude/longitude in paleolatitude/longitude in
lat/long basis altitude in
geographic scale geographic comments  
Time fields
Check all
period epoch Cenozoic subepoch stage
10 m.y. bin
Fossil Record 2 bin maximum interval minimum interval  
Age estimates in Ma based on geochronology:
maximum dated age minimum dated age directly dated age
Age estimates in Ma based on interval names:
interval base interval top interval midpoint  
interpolated maximum interpolated minimum interpolated midpoint  
Age estimates in Ma based on geochronology (if available) or interval names (if not):
maximum age minimum age midpoint age  
Interpolation can be used when time interval boundaries are not directly dated but fall in between boundaries that are.
Legacy time fields
The following eight fields are obsolete, but you can still download the old data.
Check all
epoch maximum epoch minimum period maximum period minimum
international age/stage maximum international age/stage minimum local age/stage maximum local age/stage minimum
Stratigraphy fields
Check all
zone geological group formation member
local section local bed local order  
regional section regional bed regional order  
stratigraphic scale stratigraphic comments lithological description  
Lithology fields
Check all
lithology adjective 1 lithification 1 minor lithology 1 lithology 1
lithology adjective 2 lithification 2 minor lithology 2 lithology 2
fossils from 1 fossils from 2
environment tectonic setting geology comments  
Taphonomy fields
Check all
preservation Lagerstätten type concentration assemblage components
spatial orientation preservation quality articulated whole bodies associated major elements
disassociated major elements disassociated minor elements size sorting fragmentation
bioerosion encrustation feeding/predation traces temporal resolution
spatial resolution taphonomy comments abundance in sediment  
Collection methods fields
Check all
collection purpose collection coverage collection methods  
collection size collection size unit rock censused rock censused unit
museums collectors collection dates
collection comments taxonomy comments  

Basic fields
Check all
authorizer enterer modifier occurrence no
reference no year published year reID published
created modified comments
taxon no class name order name family name
parent name subgenus name abundance
plant organ plant organ 2 preservation category
first author second author other authors year named
type specimen body part of type type locality
form taxon extant common name

Note that the collection ID and genus name fields are always output.

Ecology fields