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Xiacaowan, Sihong, Jiangsu Province (Miocene of China)

Also known as Hsiatsaohwan, Shihhung, Kiangsu.

Where: Jiangsu, China (33.5° N, 118.2° E: paleocoordinates 33.4° N, 115.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Xiacaowan Formation, Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• Late Burdigalian, Late Early Miocene, MN 4, Orleanian, Shanwangian. The fossil bearing layer consists of conglomeratic sands belonging to the 90m thick Xiacaowan Formation. Site and Formation also known as the Hsiasaohwan.

Environment/lithology: lacustrine

• Stratotype of the Xiacaowan = Hsiatsaohwan Formation.
• 'variegated sandy and marly clay.'

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Excavated since 1981. Preliminary publication in 1983, however the faunal list has been extensively revised since then.

Primary reference: M. Chow and C.-K. Li. 1978. A correction of the age of the Hsiatsaohwan Formation and its mammalian fauna. Acta Stratigraphica Sinica 2(2):122-130 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan] more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 43399: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 13.08.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)