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Pliosaurus brachydeirus Owen 1841 (plesiosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Pliosauridae

PaleoDB taxon number: 100099

Alternative combinations: Plesiosaurus (Pleiosaurus) brachydeirus, Pliosaurus brachydirus

Synonyms: Peloneustes sterrodeirus Seeley 1869 (no. 186132), Plesiosaurus sterrodeirus Seeley 1869 (no. 186131)

Full reference: R. Owen. 1841. Odontography; or, A Treatise on the Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth, Their Physiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure in the Vertebrate Animals. Volume I. Hippolyte Bailliere Publishers, London 1-655

Belongs to Pliosaurus according to R. B. J. Benson et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Cetiosaurus rigauxi, Pleiosaurus macromerus, Plesiosaurus giganteus, Pliosaurus andrewsi, Pliosaurus carpenteri, Pliosaurus funkei, Pliosaurus gamma, Pliosaurus grandis, Pliosaurus grossouvrei, Pliosaurus irgisensis, Pliosaurus kevani, Pliosaurus patagonicus, Pliosaurus phosphaticus, Pliosaurus portentificus, Pliosaurus rossicus, Pliosaurus westburyensis

Type specimens:

  • Pliosaurus brachydeirus: OXFUM J.9245A,B, J.9285, J.9292-9298 etc, a partial skeleton (teeth, lower and upper jaws, vertebral column, femur, tibia, fibula). Its type locality is Market Rasen, which is in a Kimmeridgian marine horizon in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of the United Kingdom.
  • Peloneustes sterrodeirus: Its type locality is Ely, Roswell Pits, which is in a Kimmeridgian marine horizon in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of the United Kingdom.

Ecology: aquatic carnivore