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Pliosaurus Owen 1841 (plesiosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Pliosauridae

PaleoDB taxon number: 36505

Alternative spellings: Pleiosaurus, Plesiosaurus (Pleiosaurus)

Synonyms: Ischyrodon Merian 1838 (no. 97031), Spondylosaurus Fischer 1845 (no. 95804), Stretosaurus Tarlo 1959 (no. 36515)

Full reference: R. Owen. 1841. Odontography; or, A Treatise on the Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth, Their Physiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure in the Vertebrate Animals. Volume I. Hippolyte Bailliere Publishers, London 1-655

Parent taxon: Thalassophonea according to R. B. J. Benson and P. S. Druckenmiller 2014

Sister taxa: Brachaucheninae, Gallardosaurus, Liopleurodon, Peloneustes, Pliosaurus brachyspondylus, Pliosaurus macromerus, Simolestes

Subtaxa: Cetiosaurus rigauxi, Pleiosaurus macromerus, Plesiosaurus giganteus, Pliosaurus andrewsi, Pliosaurus brachydeirus, Pliosaurus carpenteri, Pliosaurus funkei, Pliosaurus gamma, Pliosaurus grandis, Pliosaurus grossouvrei, Pliosaurus irgisensis, Pliosaurus kevani, Pliosaurus patagonicus, Pliosaurus phosphaticus, Pliosaurus portentificus, Pliosaurus rossicus, Pliosaurus westburyensis

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Type: Plesiosaurus (Pleiosaurus) brachydeirus

Ecology: aquatic carnivore