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Plithocyon barstowensis Frick 1926 (bear)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 50612

Alternative combination: Hemicyon barstowensis

Synonym: Hemicyon californicus Frick 1926 (taxon 46859)

Full reference: C. Frick. 1926. The Hemicyoninae and an American Tertiary bear. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 56(1):1-119

Belongs to Plithocyon according to R. M. Hunt 1998

Sister taxa: Plithocyon armagnacensis, Plithocyon ursinus

Type specimens:

  • Plithocyon barstowensis: AMNH 20810, a partial skull (left maxillary fragment with P4-M1 associated with portion right mandible with alveolus c, alveolus p1, p2-m2, and portion left mandible m1-m3)
  • Hemicyon californicus: AMNH 20827, a mandible (anterior portion of left ramus containing p4 (broken), m1 (broken), m2, and alveoli of canine, p1, p2 and p3).

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): m1 29.2 x 12.7