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Pteranodon longiceps Marsh 1876 (pterosaur)

Reptilia - Pterosauria

PaleoDB taxon number: 52932

Alternative combination: Pteranodon (Longicepia) longiceps

Synonyms: Pteranodon (Longicepia) marshi Miller 1971 (no. 161800), Pteranodon (Sternbergia) walkeri Miller 1971 (no. 161807)

Full reference: O. C. Marsh. 1876. Notice of a new sub-order of Pterosauria. American Journal of Science 11:507-509

Belongs to Pteranodon according to B. Andres et al. 2014

Sister taxa: Ornithocheirus harpyia, Ornithocheirus umbrosus, Pteranodon (Longicepia), Pteranodon (Occidentalia), Pteranodon (Sternbergia), Pteranodon comptus, Pteranodon sternbergi, Pterodactylus ingens, Pterodactylus occidentalis, Pterodactylus oweni, Pterodactylus velox

Type specimens:

  • Pteranodon longiceps: YPM 1177, a skull (nearly complete skull). Its type locality is 3 mi NE Monument Rocks, which is in a Santonian/Campanian offshore chalk in the Niobrara Formation of Kansas.
  • Pteranodon (Longicepia) marshi: YPM 2594, a skull. Its type locality is near Plum Creek, which is in a Santonian/Campanian offshore chalk in the Niobrara Formation of Kansas.
  • Pteranodon (Sternbergia) walkeri: SMM 2851, a skull. Its type locality is 2 miles NE of Penokee, which is in a Santonian/Campanian offshore horizon in the Niobrara Formation of Kansas.

Ecology: volant piscivore