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1. J. Alroy, C. R. Marshall, R. K. Bambach, K. Bezusko, M. Foote, F. T. Fursich, T. A. Hansen, S. M. Holland, L. C. Ivany, D. Jablonski, D. K. Jacobs, D. C. Jones, M. A. Kosnik, S. Lidgard, S. Low, A. I. Miller, P. M. Novack-Gottshall, T. D. Olszewski, M. E. Patzkowsky, D. M. Raup, K. Roy, J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., M. G. Sommers, P. J. Wagner, and A. Webber. 2001. Effects of sampling standardization on estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98:6261-6266.

2. J. Alroy. 2001. A multi-species overkill simulation of the end-Pleistocene megafaunal mass extinction. Science 292:1893-1896.

3. M. Foote. 2001. Inferring temporal patterns of preservation, origination, and extinction from taxonomic survivorship analysis. Paleobiology 27:602-630. (mailed 1/4/2002)

4. A. I. Miller and S. R. Connolly. 2001. Substrate affinities of higher taxa and the Ordovician Radiation. Paleobiology 27:768-778. (mailed 1/4/2002)

5. S. R. Connolly and A. I. Miller. 2001. Joint estimation of sampling and turnover rates from fossil databases: capture-mark-recapture methods revisited. Paleobiology 27:751-767. (mailed 1/4/2002)

6. S. R. Connolly and A. I. Miller. 2001. Global Ordovician faunal transitions in the marine benthos: proximate causes. Paleobiology 27:779-795. (mailed 1/4/2002)

7. S. R. Connolly and A. I. Miller. 2002. Global Ordovician faunal transitions in the marine benthods: ultimate causes. Paleobiology 28:26-40.

8. J. Alroy. 2002. Stratigraphy in phylogeny reconstruction - reply to Smith (2000). Journal of Paleontology 76:587-589.

9. J. Alroy. 2002. How many named species are valid? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99:3706-3711.

10. G. J. Bowen, W. C. Clyde, P. L. Koch, S. Ting, J. Alroy, T. Tsubamoto, Y. Wang, and Y. Wang. 2002. Mammalian dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary. Science 295:2062-2065.

11. E. Fara. 2002. Sea-level variations and the quality of the fossil record. Journal of the Geological Society of London 159:489-491.

12. M. Foote. 2003. Origination and extinction through the Phanerozoic: a new approach. Journal of Geology 111:125-148.

13. J. Alroy. 2003. Global databases will yield reliable measures of global biodiversity. Paleobiology 29:26-29.

14. A. Miller. 2003. On the importance of global diversity trends and the viability of existing paleontological data. Paleobiology 29:15-18.

15. J. Alroy. 2003. Cenozoic bolide impacts and biotic change in North American mammals. Astrobiology 3:119-132.

16. J. Alroy. 2003. Taxonomic inflation and body mass distributions in North American fossil mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 84:431-443. DOI:<0431:TIABMD>2.0.CO;2

17. M. E. Patzkowsky and S. M. Holland. 2003. Lack of community saturation at the beginning of the Paleozoic plateau: the dominance of regional over local processes. Paleobiology 29:545-560.

18. T. Olszewski. 2004. A unified mathematical framework for the measurement of richness and evenness within and among multiple communities. Oikos 104:377-387.

19. J. Alroy. 2004. Are Sepkoski's evolutionary faunas dynamically coherent? Evolutionary Ecology Research 6:1-32.

20. A. I. Miller and M. Foote. 2003. Increased longevities of post-Paleozoic marine genera following mass extinctions. Science 302:1030-1032.

21. P. Wilf and K. Johnson. 2004. Land plant extinction at the end of the Cretaceous: a quantitative analysis of the North Dakota megafloral record. Paleobiology 30:347-368.

22. E. Fara. 2004. Estimating minimum global species diversity for groups with a poor fossil record: a case study of Late Jurassic-Eocene lissamphibians. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 207:59-82.

23. S. M. Holland and M. E. Patzkowsky. 2004. Ecosystem structure and stability: middle Upper Ordovician of central Kentucky, USA. Palaios 19:316-331.

24. A. M. Bush, M. J. Markey, and C. R. Marshall. 2004. Removing bias from diversity curves: the effects of spatially organized biodiversity on sampling-standardization. Paleobiology 30:666-686.

25. A. M. Bush and R. K. Bambach. 2004. Did alpha diversity increase through the Phanerozoic? Lifting the veils of taphonomic, latitudinal, and environmental biases. Journal of Geology 112:625-642.

26. W. Kiessling and R. Baron-Szabo. 2004. Extinction and recovery patterns of scleractinian corals at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 214:195-223.

27. A. Raymond and C. Metz. 2004. Ice and its consequences: Glaciation in the Ordovician, Late Devonian, Pennsylvanian-Permian and Cenozoic compared. Journal of Geology 112:655-670.

28. L. Villier and D. Korn. 2004. Morphological disparity of ammonoids and the mark of Permian mass extinctions. Science 306:264-266.

29. W. Kiessling. 2005. Long-term relationships between ecological stability and biodiversity in Phanerozoic reefs. Nature 433:410-413.

30. A. Z. Krug and M. E. Patzkowsky. 2004. Rapid recovery from the Late Ordovician mass extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101:17605-17610.

31. A. K. Behrensmeyer, F. T. Fursich, R. A. Gastaldo, S. M. Kidwell, M. A. Kosnik, M. Kowalewski, R. E. Plotnick, R. R. Rogers, and J. Alroy. 2005. Are the most durable shelly taxa also the most common in the marine fossil record? Paleobiology 31:607-623.

32. W. Kiessling, M. Aberhan, B. Brenneis, and P. J. Wagner. 2007. Extinction trajectories of benthic organisms across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 244:201-222.

33. R. E. Plotnick and P. J. Wagner. 2006. Round up the usual suspects: common genera in the fossil record and the nature of wastebasket taxa. Paleobiology 32:126-146.

34. M. Aberhan, W. Kiessling, and F. T. Fursich. 2006. Testing the role of biological interactions for the evolution in mid-Mesozoic marine benthic ecosystems. Paleobiology 32:259-277.

35. A. Tomasovych. 2006. Brachiopod and bivalve ecology in Late Triassic (Alps, Austria): onshore-offshore replacements caused by variations in sediment and nutrient supply. Palaios 21:347-377.

36. A. Tomasovych, F. T. Fursich, and T. D. Olszewski. 2006. Modeling shelliness and alteration in shell beds: variation in hardpart-input and burial rates leads to opposing predictions. Paleobiology 32:278-298.

37. M. A. Kosnik and P. J. Wagner. 2006. Effects of taxon abundance distributions on expected numbers of sampled taxa. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8:195-211.

38. A. Tomasovych. 2006. Linking taphonomy to community-level abundance: insights into compositional fidelity of the Upper Triassic shell concentrations (Eastern Alps). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 235:355-381.

39. A. Tomasovych, F. T. Fursich, and M. Wilmsen. 2006. Preservation of autochthonous shell beds by positive feedback between increased hardpart-input rates and increased sedimentation rates. Journal of Geology 114:287-312.

40. M. Foote. 2006. Substrate affinity and diversity dynamics of Paleozoic marine animals. Paleobiology 32:345-366.

41. N. Bonuso and D. J. Bottjer. 2006. A quantitative study of faunal patterns within the Pennsylvanian and Early Permian. Palaios 21:316-324.

42. M. E. Clapham, D. J. Bottjer, C. M. Powers, N. Bonuso, M. L. Fraiser, P. J. Marenco, S. Q. Dornbos, and S. B. Pruss. 2006. Assessing the ecological dominance of Phanerozoic marine invertebrates. Palaios 21:431-441.

43. M. Kowalewski, W. Kiessling, M. Aberhan, F. T. Fursich, D. Scarponi, S. L. Barbour Wood, and A. P. Hoffmeister. 2006. Ecological, taxonomic, and taphonomic components of the post-Paleozoic increase in sample-level species diversity of marine benthos. Paleobiology 32:533-561.

44. J. S. Madin, J. Alroy, M. Aberhan, F. T. Fursich, W. Kiessling, M. A. Kosnik, and P. J. Wagner. 2006. Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates. Science 312:897-900.

45. A. Raymond, P. Gensel, and W. E. Stein. 2006. Phytogeography of Late Silurian macrofloras. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 142:165-192.

46. R. A. Krause, Jr., J. A. Stempien, M. Kowalewski, and A. I. Miller. 2007. Body size estimates from the literature: utility and potential for macroevolutionary studies. Palaios 22:60-73.

47. A. Tomasovych and M. Siblik. 2007. Evaluating compositional turnover of brachiopod communities during the end-Triassic mass extinction (Northern Calcareous Alps): removal of dominant groups, recovery and community reassembly. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 244:170-200.

48. P. J. Wagner, M. A. Kosnik, and S. Lidgard. 2006. Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science 314:1289-1292. abstract - full text

49. S. M. Holland and M. E. Patzkowsky. 2007. Gradient ecology of a biotic invasion: biofacies of the type Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician), Cincinnati, Ohio region, USA. Palaios 22:392-407.

50. P. J. Wagner, M. Aberhan, A. Hendy, and W. Kiessling. 2007. The effects of taxonomic standardization on occurrence-based estimates of diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274. DOI:

51. S. E. Peters. 2007. The problem with the Paleozoic. Paleobiology 33:165-181. DOI:

52. W. Kiessling and M. Aberhan. 2007. Geographical distribution and extinction risk: Lessons from Triassic-Jurassic marine benthic organisms. Journal of Biogeography 34:1473-1489.

53. M. Foote. 2007. Extinction and quiescence in marine animal genera. Paleobiology 33:261-272. DOI:

54. M. E. Patzkowsky and S. M. Holland. 2007. Diversity partitioning of a Late Ordovician marine biotic invasion: controls on diversity in regional ecosystems. Paleobiology 33:295-309.

55. S. Finnegan and M. L. Droser. 2008. Reworking diversity: effects of storm deposition on evenness and sampled richness, Ordovician of the Basin and Range, Utah and Nevada, USA. Palaios 23:87-96.

56. N. Bonuso and D. J. Bottjer. 2008. A test of biogeographical, environmental, and ecological effect on Middle and Late Triassic brachiopod and bivalve abundance patterns. Palaios 23:43-54.

57. L. R. G. DeSantis and B. J. MacFadden. 2007. Identifying forested environments in Deep Time using fossil tapirs: evidence from evolutionary morphology and stable isotopes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 258:147-157.

58. S. Elton. 2007. Environmental correlates of the cercopithecoid radiations. Folia Primatologica 78:344-364.

59. J. L. Payne and S. Finnegan. 2007. The effect of geographic range on extinction risk during background and mass extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104:10506-10511.

60. A. Z. Krug and M. E. Patzkowsky. 2007. Geographic variation in turnover and recovery from the Late Ordovician mass extinction. Paleobiology 33:435-454.

61. W. Kiessling and M. Aberhan. 2007. Environmental determinants of marine benthic biodiversity dynamics through Triassic-Jurassic times. Paleobiology 33:414-434.

62. P. M. Novack-Gottshall. 2007. Using a theoretical ecospace to quantify the ecological diversity of Paleozoic and modern marine biotas. Paleobiology 33:274-295.

63. M. Foote. 2007. Symmetric waxing and waning of marine invertebrate genera. Paleobiology 33:517-529.

64. C. M. Powers and D. J. Bottjer. 2007. Bryozoan paleoecology indicates mid-Phanerozoic extinctions were the product of long-term environmental stress. Geology 35:995-998.

65. M. D. Uhen and N. D. Pyenson. 2007. Diversity estimates, biases, and historiographic effects; resolving cetacean diversity in the Tertiary. Palaeontologia Electronica 10.2.11A.

66. W. Kiessling. 2008. Sampling-standardized expansion and collapse of reef building in the Phanerozoic. Fossil Record 11:7-18.

67. H. de Bruijn, L. W. van den Hoek Ostende, and S. K. Donovan. 2007. Mirrabella, a new name for the genus Mirabella De Bruijn et al. 1987, preoccupied by Mirabella Emeljanov 1982 (Insecta). Contributions to Zoology 76:279-280.

68. S. E. Peters and W. I. Ausich. 2008. A sampling-adjusted macroevolutionary history for Ordovician-Early Silurian crinoids. Paleobiology 34:104-116. DOI:

69. P. M. Novack-Gottshall. 2008. Ecosystem-wide body-size trends in Cambrian-Devonian marine invertebrate lineages. Paleobiology 34:210-228.

70. J. Alroy. 2009. Speciation and extinction in the fossil record of North American mammals. In R. Butlin, J. Bridle, and D. Schluter (eds.), Speciation and Patterns of Diversity, pp. 301-323.

71. N. A. Heim. 2008. A null biogeographic model for quantifying the role of migration in shaping patterns of global taxonomic richness and differentiation diversity, with implications for Ordovician biogeography. Paleobiology 34:195-209. references - data matrix

72. C. K. Boyce. 2008. How green was Cooksonia? -- the importance of size in understanding the early evolution of physiology in the vascular plant lineage. Paleobiology 34:179-184.

73. P. M. Novack-Gottshall and M. A. Lanier. 2008. Scale-dependence of Cope's rule in body size evolution of Paleozoic brachiopods. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:5430-5434.

74. J. Alroy. 2008. Dynamics of origination and extinction in the marine fossil record. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:11536-11542.

75. S. E. Peters. 2008. Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature 454:626-629.

76. S. Finnegan, J. L. Payne, and S. C. Wang. 2008. The Red Queen revisited: reevaluating the age selectivity of Phanerozoic marine genus extinctions. Paleobiology 34:318-341.

77. S. Finnegan and M. L. Droser. 2008. Body size, energetics, and the Ordovician restructuring of marine ecosystems. Paleobiology 34:342-359.

78. D. J. Bottjer, M. E. Clapham, M. L. Fraiser, and C. M. Powers. 2008. Understanding mechanisms for the end-Permian mass extinction and the protracted Early Triassic aftermath and recovery. GSA Today 18:4-10.

79. W. Kiessling, M. Aberhan, and L. Villier. 2008. Phanerozoic trends in skeletal mineralogy driven by mass extinctions. Nature Geoscience 1:527-530.

80. J. Alroy, M. Aberhan, D. J. Bottjer, M. Foote, F. T. Fursich, P. J. Harries, A. J. W. Hendy, S. M. Holland, L. C. Ivany, W. Kiessling, M. A. Kosnik, C. R. Marshall, A. J. McGowan, A. I. Miller, T. D. Olszewski, M. E. Patzkowsky, S. E. Peters, L. Villier, P. J. Wagner, N. Bonuso, P. S. Borkow, B. Brenneis, M. E. Clapham, L. M. Fall, C. A. Ferguson, V. L. Hanson, A. Z. Krug, K. M. Layou, E. H. Leckey, S. Nurnberg, C. M. Powers, J. A. Sessa, C. Simpson, A. Tomasovych, and C. C. Visaggi. 2008. Phanerozoic trends in the global diversity of marine invertebrates. Science 321:97-100. abstract - full text

81. J. R. Bonelli and M. E. Patzkowsky. 2008. How are global patterns of faunal turnover expressed at regional scales? Evidence from the Upper Mississippian (Chesterian Series), Illinois Basin, USA. Palaios 23:760-772.

82. M. Foote, J. S. Crampton, A. G. Beu, and R. A. Cooper. 2008. On the bidirectional relationship between geographic range and taxonomic duration. Paleobiology 34:421-433.

83. K. C. Maguire and A. L. Stigall. 2008. Paleobiogeography of Miocene Equinae of North America: A phylogenetic biogeographic analysis of the relative roles of climate, vicariance, and dispersal. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 267:175-184.

84. N. A. Heim. 2009. Stability of regional brachiopod diversity structure across the Mississippian/Pennsylvanian boundary. Paleobiology 35:393-412. data matrix

85. P. D. Wall, L. C. Ivany, and B. H. Wilkinson. 2009. Revisiting Raup: Exploring the influence of outcrop area on diversity in light of modern sample-standardization techniques. Paleobiology 35:146-167.

86. K. M. Layou. 2009. Ecological restructuring after extinction: the Late Ordovician (Mohawkian) of the eastern United States. Palaios 24:118-130.

87. A. J. W. Hendy. 2009. The influence of lithification on Cenozoic marine biodiversity trends. Paleobiology 35:51-62.

88. J. A. Sessa, M. E. Patzkowsky, and T. J. Bralower. 2009. The impact of lithification on the diversity, size distribution, and recovery dynamics of marine invertebrate assemblages. Geology 37:115-118. DOI:

89. F. G. Marx. 2009. Marine mammals through time - when less is more in studying palaeodiversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276:887-892.

90. G. A. Janevski and T. K. Baumiller. 2009. Evidence for extinction selectivity throughout the marine invertebrate fossil record. Paleobiology 35:553-564.

91. J. H. Callomon, S. K. Donovan, and L. W. van den Hoek Ostende. 2009. Zenostephanus, a new name for the genus Xenostephanus Arkell and Callomon 1963, preoccupied by Xenostephanus Simpson, Minoprio and Patterson, 1962 (Mammalia). Palaeontology 52:671-672.

92. W. Kiessling. 2010. Reef expansion during the Triassic: spread of photosymbiosis balancing climatic cooling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 290:11-19.

93. A. J. McGowan, A. B. Smith, and P. D. Taylor. 2009. Faunal diversity, heterogeneity and body size in the Early Triassic: testing post-extinction paradigms in the Virgin Limestone of Utah, USA. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 56:859-872.

94. C. Simpson and P. G. Harnik. 2009. Assessing the role of abundance in marine bivalve extinction over the post-Paleozoic. Paleobiology 35:631-647. abstract - full text

95. J. C. McElwain, P. J. Wagner, and S. P. Hesselbo. 2009. Fossil plant relative abundances indicate sudden loss of Late Triassic biodiversity in Greenland. Science 324:1554-1556.

96. S. E. Peters and N. A. Heim. 2010. The geologic completeness of paleontological sampling in North America. Paleobiology 36:61-79. DOI:

97. A. I. Miller, M. Aberhan, D. P. Buick, K. V. Bulinski, C. A. Ferguson, A. J. W. Hendy, and W. Kiessling. 2009. Phanerozoic trends in the global geographic disparity of marine biotas. Paleobiology 35:612-630. DOI:

98. L. C. Ivany, C. E. Brett, H. L. B. Wall, P. D. Wall, and J. C. Handley. 2009. Relative taxonomic and ecologic stability in Devonian marine faunas of New York State: a test of coordinated stasis. Paleobiology 35:499-524.

99. A. J. W. Hendy. 2011. Taphonomic overprints on Phanerozoic trends in biodiversity: lithification and other secular megabiases. Topics in Geobiology 32:19-77. DOI:

100. W. Kiessling, E. Roniewicz, L. Villier, P. Leonide, and U. Struck. 2009. An early Hettangian coral reef in southern France: Implications for the end-Triassic reef crisis. Palaios 24:657-671. DOI:

101. A. J. W. Hendy, P. J. J. Kamp, and A. J. Vonk. 2009. Late Miocene turnover of molluscan faunas, New Zealand: taxonomic and ecological reassessment of diversity changes at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Palaeoceanography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 280:275-290. DOI:

102. A. I. Miller and M. Foote. 2009. Epicontinental seas versus open-ocean settings: the kinetics of mass extinction and origination. Science 326:1106-1109. DOI:

103. B. Kroger, T. Servais, and Y. Zhang. 2009. The origin and initial rise of pelagic cephalopods in the Ordovician. PLOS ONE 4:e7262.

104. R. B. J. Benson, R. J. Butler, J. Lindgren, and A. S. Smith. 2010. Mesozoic marine tetrapod diversity: mass extinctions and temporal heterogeneity in geological megabiases affecting vertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:829-834.

105. W. Kiessling, C. Simpson, and M. Foote. 2010. Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science 327:196-198.

106. H. J. Sims. 2010. Paleolatitudinal gradients in seed size during the Cretaceous-Tertiary radiation of angiosperms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171:216-220.

107. C. Simpson and W. Kiessling. 2010. The role of extinction in large-scale diversity-stability relationships. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:1451-1465.

108. F. G. Marx and M. D. Uhen. 2010. Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales. Science 327:993-996. — DOI:

109. P. J. Wagner. 2010. Paleontological perspectives on morphological evolution. In M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes and J. S. Levinton (eds.), Evolut, pp. 451-479.

110. W. Kiessling and C. Simpson. 2011. On the potential for ocean acidification to be a general cause of ancient reef crises. Global Change Biology 17:56-67.

111. N. A. Heim and S. E. Peters. 2011. Covariation in macrostratigraphic and macroevolutionary patterns in the marine record of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin 123:620-630.

112. J. Alroy. 2010. Geographical, environmental and intrinsic biotic controls on Phanerozoic marine diversification. Palaeontology 53:1211-1235.

113. M. Foote. 2010. The geologic history of biodiversity. In M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyma, W. F. Eanes and J. S. Levinton (eds.), Evolution since Darwin: The First 150 Years, pp. 479-510.

114. T. B. Quental and C. R. Marshall. 2010. Diversity dynamics: molecular phylogenetics need the fossil record. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25:434-441.

115. C. Pietsch and D. J. Bottjer. 2010. Comparison of changes in ocean chemistry in the Early Triassic with trends in diversity and ecology. Journal of Earth Sciences 21:147-150.

116. A. L. Cardenas and P. J. Harries. 2010. Effect of nutrient availability on marine origination rates throughout the Phanerozoic Eon. Nature Geoscience 3:430-434.

117. J. Alroy. 2010. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science 329:1191-1194.

118. S. Finnegan, C. M. McClain, M. A. Kosnik, and J. L. Payne. 2011. Escargots through time: an energetic comparison of marine gastropod assemblages before and after the Mesozoic Marine Revolution. Paleobiology 37:252-269.

119. W. Kiessling and T. Danelian. 2011. Trajectories of Late Permian - Jurassic radiolarian extinction rates: no evidence for an end-Triassic mass extinction. Fossil Record 14:95-101.

120. A. L. Melott and R. K. Bambach. 2011. A ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity. I. Documentation. Paleobiology 37:92-112.

121. R. J. Butler, R. B. J. Benson, M. T. Carrano, P. D. Mannion, and P. Upchurch. 2011. Sea-level, dinosaur diversity, and sampling biases: investigating the 'common cause' hypothesis in the terrestrial realm. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278:1165-1170.

122. S. M. Holland and A. Zaffos. 2011. Niche conservatism along an onshore-offshore gradient. Paleobiology 37:270-286. DOI:

123. J. Alroy. 2010. Fair sampling of taxonomic richness and unbiased estimation of origination and extinction rates. In J. Alroy and G. Hunt (eds.), Quantitative Methods in Paleobiology. Paleontological Society Papers 16:55-80.

124. S. E. Peters and N. A. Heim. 2011. The stratigraphic distribution of marine fossils in North America. Geology 39:259-262. DOI:

125. M. A. Kosnik, A. K. Behrensmeyer, F. T. Fursich, R. A. Gastaldo, S. M. Kidwell, M. Kowalewski, R. E. Plotnick, R. R. Rogers, P. J. Wagner, and J. Alroy. 2011. Changes in the shell durability of common marine taxa through the Phanerozoic: evidence for biological rather than taphonomic drivers. Paleobiology 37:303-331.

126. W. Kiessling, D. K. Pandey, M. Schemm-Gregory, H. Mewis, and M. Aberhan. 2011. Marine benthic invertebrates from the Upper Jurassic of northern Ethiopia and their biogeographic affinities. Journal of African Earth Sciences 59:195-214.

127. A. L. Melott and R. K. Bambach. 2011. A ubiquitous ~62 Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity: II, Evolutionary dynamics associated with periodic fluctuation in marine diversity. Paleobiology 37:92-112.

128. R. B. J. Benson and R. J. Butler. 2011. Uncovering the diversification history of marine tetrapods: ecology influences the effect of geological sampling biases. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 358:191-208.

129. P. D. Mannion and P. Upchurch. 2011. A re-evaluation of the 'mid-Cretaceous sauropod hiatus' and the impact of uneven sampling of the fossil record on patterns of regional dinosaur extinction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 299:529-540.

130. R. B. J. Benson, R. J. Butler, M. T. Carrano, and and P. M. Connor. 2012. Air-filled bones in theropod dinosaurs: physiological implications and the 'reptile'-bird transition. Biological Reviews 87:168-193.

131. S. E. Peters and N. A. Heim. 2011. Macrostratigraphy and macroevolution in marine environments: testing the common-cause hypothesis. In A. B. Smith and A. McGowan (eds.), Geological Society, London, Special Publications 358:95-104.

132. S. Villeger, P. Novack-Gottshall, and D. Mouillot. 2011. The multidimensionality of the niche reveals functional diversity changes in benthic marine biotas across geological time. Ecology Letters 14:561-568. DOI:

133. P. Upchurch, P. D. Mannion, R. B. J. Benson, R. J. Butler, and M. T. Carrano. 2011. Geological and anthropogenic controls on the sampling of the terrestrial fossil record: a case study from the Dinosauria. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 358:209-240.

134. N. A. Heim and S. E. Peters. 2011. Regional environmental breadth predicts geographic range and longevity in fossil marine genera. PLOS ONE 6:(5) e18946. DOI:

135. C. Simpson, W. Kiessling, H. Mewis, R. C. Baron-Szabo, and Johannes Muller. 2011. Evolutionary diversification of reef corals: a comparison of the molecular and fossil records. Evolution 65:3274-3284.

136. M. E. Clapham and J. L. Payne. 2011. Acidification, anoxia, and extinction: a multiple logistic regression analysis of extinction selectivity during the Middle and Late Permian. Geology 39:1059-1062. DOI:

137. B. M. Anderson, D. Pisani, A. I. Miller, and K. J. Peterson. 2011. The environmental affinities of marine higher taxa and possible biases in their first appearances in the fossil record. Geology 39:971-974.

138. P. G. Harnik. 2011. Direct and indirect effects of biological factors on extinction risk in fossil bivalves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108:13594-13599. DOI:

139. R. J. Butler, S. L. Brusatte, B. Andres, and R. B. J. Benson. 2012. How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of the Pterosauria (Reptilia: Archosauria). Evolution 66:147-162.

140. M. Aberhan, S. Nurnberg, and W. Kiessling. 2012. Vision and the diversification of Phanerozoic marine invertebrates. Paleobiology 38:187-204. DOI:

141. P. D. Wall, L. C. Ivany, and B.H. Wilkinson. 2011. Impact of outcrop area on estimates of Phanerozoic terrestrial biodiversity trends. In A. B. Smith and A. McGowan (eds.), Geological Society, London, Special Publications 358:53-62.

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P. D. Mannion, R. B.J. Benson, and R. J. Butler. 2012. Vertebrate palaeobiodiversity patterns and the impact of sampling bias. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

P. D. Mannion and P. Upchurch. 2010. A quantitative analysis of environmental associations in sauropod dinosaurs. Paleobiology 36:253-282.

A. V. Markov. 2009. Alpha diversity of Phanerozoic marine communities positively correlates with longevity of genera. Paleobiology 35:231-250.

A. V. Markov, A. A. Bondarev, and M. V. Vinarsky. 2010. Relationship between the alpha diversity of communities and the appearance rates of new genera in the evolution of phanerozoic marine biota. Paleontological Journal 44:477-488.

A. V. Markov, A. A. Bondarev, and M. V. Vinarsky. 2012. Diversity dynamics of echinoderms and evolution of marine communities. Paleontological Journal 46:865-876.

G. R. McGhee Jr, M. E. Clapham, P. M. Sheehan, D. J. Bottjer, and M. L. Droser. 2012. A new ecological-severity ranking of major Phanerozoic biodiversity crises. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

M. McPEEK. 2007. The macroevolutionary consequences of ecological differences among species. Palaeontology 50:111-129.

A. L. Melott. 2008. Long-term cycles in the history of life: periodic biodiversity in the Paleobiology Database. PLOS ONE 3:e4044.

A. S. Meseguer and I. Sanmartn. 2012. Paleobiology of the genus Hypericum (Hypericaceae): a survey of the fossil record and its palaeogeographic implications. Anales del Jardn Botnico de Madrid 69:97-106.

D. D. Michael and B. Z. Foreman. 2012. The beginning of the sauropod dinosaur hiatus in North America: insights from the Lower Cretaceous Cloverly Formation of Wyoming. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32:883-902.

J. S. Mitchell, P. D. Roopnarine, and K. D. Angielczyk. 2012. Late Cretaceous restructuring of terrestrial communities facilitated the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:18857-18861.

J. R. Moore and D. B. Norman. 2009. Quantitatively evaluating the sources of taphonomic biasing of skeletal element abundances in fossil assemblages. Palaios 24:591-602.

J. Morrow, P. J. Harries, and J. G. Krivanek. 2011. Reef recovery following the FrasnianFamennian (Late Devonian) mass extinction: Evidence from the Dugway Range, West-Central Utah. Palaios 26:607-622.

D. G. Mulcahy, B. P. Noonan, T. Moss, T. M. Townsend, T. W. Reeder, J. W. Sites Jr, and J. J. Wiens. 2012. Estimating Divergence Dates and Evaluating Dating Methods using Phylogenomic and Mitochondrial Data in Squamate Reptiles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution : .

E. B. Naimark and A. V. Markov. 2011. Northward shift in faunal diversity: a general pattern of evolution of Phanerozoic marine biota. Biology Bulletin Reviews 1:71-81.

C. R. Noto. 2011. Hierarchical Control of Terrestrial Vertebrate Taphonomy Over Space and Time: Discussion of Mechanisms and Implications for Vertebrate Paleobiology. Taphonomy :287-336.

C. R. Noto and A. Grossman. 2010. Broad-scale patterns of Late Jurassic dinosaur paleoecology. PLOS ONE 5:e12553.

H. O Regan, L. Bishop, S. Elton, A. Lamb, and A. Turner. 2006. Afro-Eurasian mammalian dispersal routes of the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene, and their bearing on earliest hominin movements. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 256:305.

H. J. O'Regan, A. Turner, L. C. Bishop, S. Elton, and A. L. Lamb. 2011. Hominins without fellow travellers First appearances and inferred dispersals of Afro-Eurasian large-mammals in the Plio-Pleistocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 30:1343-1352.

E. J. OGorman and D. W.E. Hone. 2012. Body Size Distribution of the Dinosaurs. PLOS ONE 7:e51925.

M. A. Pacheco, F. Battistuzzi, R. Junge, O. Cornejo, C. Williams, I. Landau, L. Rabetafika, G. Snounou, L. Jones-Engel, and A. Escalante. 2011. Timing the origin of human malarias: the lemur puzzle. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:299.

J. M. Pandolfi, S. R. Connolly, D. J. Marshall, and A. L. Cohen. 2011. Projecting coral reef futures under global warming and ocean acidification. Science 333:418-422.

G. Paulay and C. Meyer. 2006. Dispersal and divergence across the greatest ocean region: do larvae matter. Integrative and Comparative Biology 46:269-281.

J. Paule. 2010. Evolutionary patterns and processes in the genus Potentilla L(Rosaceae). : .

J. L. Payne and M. E. Clapham. 2012. End-Permian mass extinction in the oceans: An ancient analog for the twenty-first century. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 40:89-111.

J. L. Payne and S. Finnegan. 2006. Controls on marine animal biomass through geological time. Geobiology 4:1-Oct.

E. Peralta-Medina and H. J. Falcon-Lang. 2012. Cretaceous forest composition and productivity inferred from a global fossil wood database. Geology 40:219-222.

R. S.A. Pickles, J. J. Groombridge, V. D. Zambrana Rojas, P. Van Damme, D. Gottelli, S. Kundu, R. Bodmer, C. V. Ariani, A. Iyengar, and W. C. Jordan. 2011. Evolutionary history and identification of conservation units in the giant otter, Pteronura brasiliensis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61.

K. B. Pigg and M. L. DeVore. 2010. Floristic composition and variation in late Paleocene to early Eocene floras in North America. Bulletin of Geosciences 85:135-152.

C. Pimiento, G. Gonzalez-Barba, A. J.W. Hendy, C. Jaramillo, B. J. MacFadden, C. Montes, S. C. Suarez, and M. Shippritt. 2012. Early Miocene chondrichthyans from the Culebra Formation, Panama: A window into marine vertebrate faunas before closure the Central American Seaway. Journal of South American Earth Sciences : .

M. Pina, M. Prez de los Ros, and M. Hernndez Fernndez. 2008. Paleocorologa de los mamferos del Mioceno medio de Somosaguas (Pozuelo de Alarcn, Madrid). Palaeontologica Nova :345-356.

A. S. Pineda, M. P. Velasco de Len, J. A. Gil, and J. R. Grimaldo. 2011. Una nueva especie de Weltrichia (Bennettitales) del Jursico Medio de la Formación Tecomazuchil (Oaxaca, México). Geobios 44.

F. Plazzi and M. Passamonti. 2010. Towards a molecular phylogeny of Mollusks: Bivalves early evolution as revealed by mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57:641-657.

D. Pol and O. W.M. Rauhut. 2012. A Middle Jurassic abelisaurid from Patagonia and the early diversification of theropod dinosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279:3170-3175.

A. A. Popiela, A. R. ysko, A. Wieczorek, and A. V. Molnr. 2012. The distibution of Elatine hydropiper L(Elatinaceae). Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 81:137-143.

M. G. Powell. 2009. The latitudinal diversity gradient of brachiopods over the past 530 million years. The Journal of Geology 117:585-594.

C. M. Powers and D. J. Bottjer. 2009. The effects of mid-Phanerozoic environmental stress on bryozoan diversity, paleoecology, and paleogeography. Global and Planetary Change 65:146-154.

C. M. Powers and J. F. Pachut. 2008. Diversity and distribution of Triassic bryozoans in the aftermath of the end-Permian mass extinction. Journal of Paleontology 82:362-371.

V. A. Prez-Crespo. In press. Estado actual del conocimiento de las plantas fsiles de Oaxaca, Mxico. : .

N. D. Pyenson. 2009. Requiem for Lipotes: an evolutionary perspective on marine mammal extinction. Marine Mammal Science 25:714-724.

S. A. Quiroz-Barroso, F. Sour-Tovar, and E. Centeno-Garca. 2012. Gasterpodos y bivalvos cisuralianos (Prmico inferior) de Otlamalacatla, Hidalgo, Mxico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geolgicas 29:158-178.

G. Racki, A. Balinski, R. Wrona, K. Malkowski, D. Drygant, and H. Szaniawski. 2012. Faunal dynamics across the Silurian-Devonian positive isotope excursions (13C, 18O) in Podolia, Ukraine: Comparative analysis of the Ireviken and Klonk events. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57:795-832.

A. H. Rahiminejad, M. Yazdi, and A. R. Ashouri. 2011. Miocene scleractinian corals from a mixed siliciclasticcarbonate system: Bakhtiari succession, Zagros Basin (central-western Iran). Alcheringa 35:571-592.

P. Raia, F. Carotenuto, and S. Meiri. 2010. One size does not fit all: no evidence for an optimal body size on islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19:475-484.

P. Raia, F. Carotenuto, C. Meloro, P. Piras, and D. Pushkina. 2009. The shape of contention: adaptation, history, and contingency in ungulate mandibles. Evolution 64:1489-1503.

P. Raia, F. Carotenuto, F. Passaro, D. Fulgione, and M. Fortelius. 2012. Ecological specialization in fossil mammals explains Cope's rule. American Naturalist 179:328.

P. Raia, F. Passaro, D. Fulgione, and F. Carotenuto. 2012. Habitat tracking, stasis and survival in Neogene large mammals. Biology Letters 8:64-66.

P. R. Renne and M. B. Goodwin. 2012. Direct U-Pb dating of Cretaceous and Paleocene dinosaur bones, San Juan Basin, New Mexico: COMMENT. Geology 40:e259-e259.

G. J. Retallack. 2011. Woodland Hypothesis for Devonian Tetrapod Evolution. The Journal of Geology 119:235-258.

S. C. Reynolds, G. N. Bailey, and G. C.P. King. 2011. Landscapes and their relation to hominin habitats: Case studies from Australopithecus sites in eastern and southern Africa. Journal of Human Evolution 60.

O. Rieppel, D. Y. Jiang, N. C. Fraser, W. C. Hao, R. Motani, Y. L. Sun, and Z. Y. Sun. 2010. Tanystropheus cf T longobardicus from the early Late Triassic of Guizhou Province, southwestern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30:1082-1089.

J. Rodrguez, J. A. Martn-Gonzlez, I. Goikoetxea, G. Rodrguez-Gmez, and A. Mateos. 2011. Mammalian paleobiogeography and the distribution of Homo in early Pleistocene Europe. Quaternary International : .

J. Rodrguez, G. Rodrguez-Gmez, J. A. Martn-Gonzlez, I. Goikoetxea, and A. Mateos. 2012. Predator/prey relationships and the role of Homo in Early Pleistocene food webs in Southern Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

J. Romiguier, V. Ranwez, E. J.P. Douzery, and N. Galtier. 2012. Genomic Evidence for Large, Long-Lived Ancestors to Placental mammals. Molecular Biology and Evolution : .

D. L. Rook, N. A. Heim, and J. Marcot. 2012. Contrasting patterns and connections of rock and biotic diversity in the marine and non-marine fossil records of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

S. Ros, M. De Renzi, S. E. Damborenea, and A. Mrquez-Aliaga. 2011. Coping between crises: Early Triassicearly Jurassic bivalve diversity dynamics. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 311:184-199.

S. Ros and J. Echevarra. 2011. Bivalves and evolutionary resilience: old skills and new strategies to recover from the PT and TJ extinction events. Historical Biology 23:411-429.

S. Ros and J. Echevarra. 2012. Ecological signature of the end-Triassic biotic crisis: what do bivalves have to say. Historical Biology 24:489-503.

M. Sakamoto, G. T. Lloyd, and M. J. Benton. 2010. Phylogenetically structured variance in felid bite force: the role of phylogeny in the evolution of biting performance. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23:463-478.

F. Sangermano and J. R. Eastman. 2012. A GIS framework for the refinement of species geographic ranges. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 26:39-55.

W. F. Schmachtenberg. 2008. Resolution and limitations of faunal similarity indices of biogeographic data for testing predicted paleogeographic reconstructions and estimating intercontinental distances: a test case of Modern and Cretaceous bivalves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 265:255-261.

W. F. Schmachtenberg. 2011. Paleolongitudinal estimates for paleocontinents derived from interplate distances based on Late Ordovician bivalves. Paleobiology 37:438-444.

S. D. Schoepfer, C. M. Henderson, G. H. Garrison, J. Foriel, P. D. Ward, D. Selby, J. C. Hower, T. J. Algeo, and Y. Shen. 2012. Termination of a continent-margin upwelling system at the Permian-Triassic boundary (Opal Creek, Alberta, Canada). Global and Planetary Change : .

S. D. Schoepfer, C. M. Henderson, G. H. Garrison, and P. D. Ward. 2011. Cessation of a productive coastal upwelling system in the Panthalassic Ocean at the Permian-Triassic Boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

P. M. Sheehan. 2008. Did incumbency play a role in maintaining boundaries between Late Ordovician brachiopod realms. Lethaia 41:147-153.

H. M.E. Shepherd, G. D. Stanley, and F. Amirhassankhani. 2012. Norian To Rhaetian Scleractinian Corals In the Ferdows Patch Reef (Nayband Formation, East Central Iran). Journal of Paleontology 86:801-812.

S. N. Sheremetev and Y. V. Gamalei. 2012. Trends of the Herbs Ecological Evolution. Evolutionary Biology: Mechanisms and Trends :189-212.

S. Shultz and R. Dunbar. 2010. Encephalization is not a universal macroevolutionary phenomenon in mammals but is associated with sociality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:21582-21586.

A. si, E. Prondvai, R. Butler, and D. B. Weishampel. 2012. Phylogeny, Histology and Inferred Body Size Evolution in a New Rhabdodontid Dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Hungary. PLOS ONE 7:e44318.

A. Silva-Pineda, M. P. Velasco-de Leon, F. J. Aguilar, and E. Chacon. 2009. An Upper Pliocene Equisetum (Equisetales) from the Atotonilco El Grande Formation in Central Mexico. Paleontological Journal 43:216-225.

G. J. Slater, S. A. Price, F. Santini, and M. E. Alfaro. 2010. Diversity versus disparity and the radiation of modern cetaceans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 277:3097-3104.

D. M. Smith. 2012. Exceptional preservation of insects in lacustrine environments. Palaios 27:346-353.

F. A. Smith, A. G. Boyer, J. H. Brown, D. P. Costa, T. Dayan, S. K.M. Ernest, A. R. Evans, M. Fortelius, J. L. Gittleman, and M. J. Hamilton. 2010. The evolution of maximum body size of terrestrial mammals. science 330:1216-1219.

D. M. Smith, M. A. Gorman, J. D. Pardo, and B. J. Small. 2011. First Fossil Orthoptera from the Jurassic of North America. Journal of Paleontology 85:102-105.

A. B. Smith and A. J. McGowan. 2011. The ties linking rock and fossil records and why they are important for palaeobiodiversity studies. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 358:1-Jul.

R. B. Sookias, R. J. Butler, R. B.J. Benson, R. B. Sookias, R. J. Butler, and R. B.J. Benson. 2012. Rise of dinosaurs reveals major body-size transitions are driven by passive processes of trait evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279:2180-2187.

S. Spasojevi, L. Liu, M. Gurnis, and R. D. Mller. 2008. The case for dynamic subsidence of the US east coast since the Eocene. Geophysical Research Letters 35:L08305.

W. G. Spaulding and C. H.M. Hill. 2008. Paleontological Analysis for the Town of Windsor Eastside Road Storage Project. : .

M. S. Springer, R. W. Meredith, J. Gatesy, C. A. Emerling, J. Park, D. L. Rabosky, T. Stadler, C. Steiner, O. A. Ryder, and J. E. Janeka. 2012. Macroevolutionary Dynamics and Historical Biogeography of Primate Diversification Inferred from a Species Supermatrix. PLOS ONE 7:e49521.

A. M. Srensen and F. Surlyk. 2011. Taphonomy and palaeoecology of the gastropod fauna from a Late Cretaceous rocky shore, Sweden. Cretaceous Research 32:472-479.

M. E. Steeman. 2010. The extinct baleen whale fauna from the Miocene-Pliocene of Belgium and the diagnostic cetacean ear bones. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 8:63-80.

M. E. Steeman, M. B. Hebsgaard, R. E. Fordyce, S. Y.W. Ho, D. L. Rabosky, R. Nielsen, C. Rahbek, H. Glenner, M. V. Srensen, and E. Willerslev. 2009. Radiation of extant cetaceans driven by restructuring of the oceans. Systematic Biology 58:573-585.

M. A. Stegner and M. Holmes. 2012. Using paleontological data to assess mammalian community structure: Potential aid in conservation planning. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

S. J. Steppan, G. J. Kenagy, C. Zawadzki, R. Robles, E. A. Lyapunova, and R. S. Hoffmann. 2011. Molecular data resolve placement of the Olympic marmot and estimate dates of trans-Beringian interchange. Journal of Mammalogy 92:1028-1037.

S. E. Stewart. 2011. Distribution and palaeoecology of Ordovician bivalves and gastropods from Girvan, SW Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 102:145-158.

A. L. Stigall. 2012. Using ecological niche modelling to evaluate niche stability in deep time. Journal of Biogeography : .

J. P. Strange, J. B. Koch, V. H. Gonzalez, L. Nemelka, and T. Griswold. 2011. Global invasion by Anthidium manicatum (Linnaeus)(Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): assessing potential distribution in North America and beyond. Biological Invasions 13:2115-2133.

I. Tmkin and J. Pojeta. 2010. Cassiavellia galtarae, new species, new genus: a new Permian bivalve and its significance for pterioidean systematics. Journal of Paleontology 84:1152-1176.

M. D. Uhen. 2008. A new Xenorophus-like odontocete cetacean from the Oligocene of North Carolina and a discussion of the basal odontocete radiation. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 6:433-452.

M. D. Uhen. 2010. The origin (s) of whales. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 38:189-219.

G. Utida, S. Petri, E. C. Oliveira, and P. C. Boggiani. 2012. Microfossils in micrites from Serra da Bodoquena (MS), Brazil: taxonomy and paleoenvironmental implications. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Cincias 84:245-262.

J. W. Valentine, D. Jablonski, A. Z. Krug, and S. K. Berke. 2012. The sampling and estimation of marine paleodiversity patterns: implications of a Pliocene model. Paleobiology 39:Jan-20.

K. Vasileiadou and N. Zouros. 2012. Early Miocene micromammals from the Lesvos Petrified Forest (Greece): preliminary results. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments :Jan-16.

M. J. Vavrek and H. C.E. Larsson. 2010. Low beta diversity of Maastrichtian dinosaurs of North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:8265-8268.

M. V. Vinarski, A. A. Bondarev, and A. V. Markov. 2011. Mollusks in Phanerozoic marine communities: Implications from the analysis of global paleontological databases. Paleontological Journal 45:358-369.

J. Wade-Murphy and J. H.A. van Konnenburg-van Cittert. 2008. A revision of the Late Triassic Bintan flora from the Riau Archipelago (Indonesia). Scripta Geologica 136:73-106.

X. Wang, R. H. Tedford, and M. Antn. 2010. Dogs: their fossil relatives and evolutionary history. : .

R. J. Whittle, K. Linse, and H. J. Griffiths. 2011. The fossil record of Limopsis (Bivalvia: Limopsidae) in Antarctica and the southern high latitudes. Palaeontology 54:935-952.

R. J. Whittle, F. Quaglio, J. Alistair Crame, and K. Linse. In press. Nuculidae (Bivalvia) in the Cape Melville Formation, King George Island, Antarctica, with an overview of the bivalve fauna. Antarctic Science 1:1-Sep.

P. Wilf. 2008. Insectdamaged fossil leaves record food web response to ancient climate change and extinction. New Phytologist 178:486-502.

B. H. Wilkinson. 2011. On taxonomic membership. Paleobiology 37:519-536.

M. Wilmsen and F. Neuweiler. 2008. Biosedimentology of the Early Jurassic postextinction carbonate depositional system, central High Atlas rift basin, Morocco. Sedimentology 55:773-807.

J. A. Wilson and P. Upchurch. 2009. Redescription and reassessment of the phylogenetic affinities of Euhelopus zdanskyi (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Early Cretaceous of China. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 7:199-239.

I. C. Winder. 2012. Looking for problems: A systems approach to hominin palaeocommunities from PlioPleistocene Africa. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology : .

A. R. Wood, S. Apte, E. S. MacAvoy, and J. Gardner. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the marine mussel genus Perna (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) based on nuclear (ITS12) and mitochondrial (COI) DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44:685-698.

M. P. Worley-Georg and J. J. Eberle. 2006. Additions to the Chadronian Mammalian fauna, Florissant Formation, Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26:685-696.

W. Yu, J. Xu, Y. Wu, and G. Yang. 2012. A Comparative Study of Mammalian Diversification Pattern. International Journal of Biological Sciences 8:486.

M. S. Zakhera. 2011. Cenomanian-Turonian rudists from Western Sinai, Egypt: Systematic paleontology and paleoecology. Geobios 44:409-433.

I. S. Zalmout and P. D. Gingerich. 2012. Late Eocene Sea Cows (Mammalia, Sirenia) From Wadi Al Hitan In The Western Desert of Fayum, Egypt. : .

J. Zamagni, M. Mutti, and A. Koir. 2011. The evolution of mid Paleocene-early Eocene coral communities: How to survive during rapid global warming. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology : .

G. Zecca, J. R. Abbott, W. B. Sun, A. Spada, F. Sala, and F. Grassi. 2011. The timing and the mode of evolution of wild grapes (Vitis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution : .

Q. Zhang, L. Xia, Y. Kimura, G. Shenbrot, Z. Zhang, D. Ge, and Q. Yang. In press. Tracing the Origin and Diversification of Dipodoidea (Order: Rodentia): Evidence from Fossil Record and Molecular Phylogeny. Evolutionary Biology :Jan-13.

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